Volume List  / Volume 8 (1)



DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2018.8(1).06

8 / 1 / 82-98 Pages


Md. Asif Hasan Anik - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Islamic University of Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh -

Fuad Ahmed - Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh -

Fahmun Nabi Atin - Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh -

Nuzhat Tabassum Ahmed - Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh -

Amit Mutsuddy - Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh -

Musaddik Al Imran - Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh -

Nazia Haque - Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh -

Tasman Zihan - Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh -

Rafiz Rayhan - Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh -


Urban areas all over the world are becoming private car-dominated and less sustainable day by day. In order to limit the growth of private cars and to efficiently attract the commuters from private car to public transit, this paper aimed to identify the factors motivating the commuters to use public transport and to find out the attributes of public transport which need urgent improvement. The research was based on a survey of private car users of Dhaka city covering perceptions of public transit service performance, private car users urge to switch to public transport, the relationship between the motivating factors and the socio demographic characteristics of the respondents. The findings of this study indicated that both males and females have a negative attitude towards the public transportation system of the city. The analysis showed that the private car users will be encouraged to switch to public transport if they get facilities like air conditioning system, seat availability, women bus service, clean and comfortable bus etc. The results also showed that majority of the private car users having higher secondary and undergraduate degrees think that people use private car to highlight their social status while the respondents having postgraduate education has a mixed opinion in this regard. The findings of this study will definitely assist the transport policy makers to incorporate the necessities of private car users as public input in the transport planning process.

Download Article

Number of downloads: 1122


Andaleeb, S.S.; Haq, M.; Ahmed, R.I. 2007. Reforming intercity bus transportation in a developing country: a passenger driven model, Journal of Public Transportation 10(1): 1-25.


Anik, M.A.H.; Shafquat, K.; Moinul, H. 2017. Social Media and Crowd Sourcing to Evaluate and Compare Priorities and Preferences for Sustainable Transportation System, In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Engineering Research and Practice (ICERP), 7-12.


Fang, K. 2014. Can We Build Dhaka out of Traffic Congestion. Available from internet: http://blogs.worldbank.org.


Friman, M.; Fellesson, M. 2009. Service supply and customer satisfaction in public transportation: The quality paradox, Journal of Public Transportation 12(4): 57-69.


Fujii, S.; Kitamura, R.K. 2003. What Does a One-Month Free Bus Ticket do to Habitual Drivers? An Experimental Analysis of Habit and Attitude Change, Transportation 30(1): 81-95.


Gärling, T.; Eek, D.; Loukopoulos, P.; Fujii, S.; Johansson-Stenman, O.; Kitamura, R.; Pendyala, R.; Vilhelmson, B. 2002. A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use, Transport Policy 9(1): 59-70.


Hagman, O. 2003. Mobilizing meanings of mobility: car users’ constructions of the goods and the bads of car use, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 8(1): 1-9.


Hensher, D.A.; Stopher, P.; Bullock P. 2003. Service quality-developing a service quality index in the provision of commercial bus contract, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 37(6): 499-517.


Karim, M.M.; Komori, Y.; Esaki, T.; Ahammed, S. 1998. Mass Transit and Appropriate Measures in Dhaka Metropolitan, In Proceedings of 91st Annual Meeting of A&WMA, San Diego, California, 14-18.


Kingham, S.; Dickinson, J.; Copsey, S. 2001. Travelling to Work: will People Move out of their Cars, Transport Policy 8(2): 151-160.


Lance, C.E.; Butts, M.M.; Michels, L.C. 2006. The sources of four commonly reported cutoff criteria: What did they really say?, Organizational research methods 9(2): 202-220.


Litan, M.2017. Presentation on research proposal on traffic jam in Dhaka city, Education purpose Research Proposal. Available from internet: https://www.slideshare.net/MdLitanMia1/presentation-on-research-proposal-on-traffic-jam-in-dhaka-city-by-md-litan-mia-jkkniu.


Lomborg, B. 2016. Daily Star :The smartest ways to deal with traffic congestion in Dhaka. Available from internet: http://www.thedailystar.net/op-ed/politics/the-smartest-ways-deal-traffic-congestion-dhaka-1220956.


Mackett, R.L.; Edwards, M. 1998. The Impact of New Public Transport Systems: Will the Expectations Be Met?, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 32: 231-245.


Nunnally, J.C. 1978. Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill. New York. USA. 701 p.


Ory, D.T.; Mokhtarian, P.L.; Redmond, L.S.; Salomon, I.; Collantes, G.O.; Choo, S. 2004. When Is Commuting Desirable To The Individual?, Growth And Change 35(3): 334-359.


Revised Strategic Transport Plan (RSTP). 2016. Dhaka Transport Co-ordination Authority (DTCA).


Steg L.; Geurs, K.; Ras, M. 2002. The effects of motivational factors on car use: A multidisciplinary modeling approach, Transportation Research A 35(9): 789-806.


Steg, L. 2003. Can Public Transport Compete with the Private Car ?, International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences 27(2): 27-35.


Stradling, S.G.; Meadows, M.L.; Beatty, S. 2000. Helping Drivers Out of their Cars. Integrating Transport Policy and Social Psychology for Sustainable Change, Transport Policy 7(3): 207-215.


Strategic Transport Plan for Dhaka. 2005. Louis Berger Group and Bangladesh Consultant Ltd. 42 p.


UCLA: Statistical Consulting Group. 2016. Available from internet: https://stats.idre.ucla.edu/sas/modules/sas-learning-moduleintroduction-to-the-features-of-sas/.


Wang, L.; Li, L.; Wu, B.; Bai, Y. 2013. Private Car Switched to Public Transit by Commuters, in Shanghai, China, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 96: 1293-1303.


World population. 2017. Dhaka Population. Available from internet: http://worldpopulationreview.com/world-cities/dhaka-population/.