Volume List  / Volume 7 (4)



DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2017.7(4).09

7 / 4 / 516-533 Pages


Slaven Gašparović - Department of Geography, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Marulićev trg 19/II, Zagreb, Croatia -


In this research, transport disadvantaged space is determined by interrelation between the space itself and public transport. Study was divided into two segments using GIS tools and mathematical operations. The first part of the analysis determined buffer space around each public transport station of the City of Zagreb regarding to residential purpose land-use. For the daily public transport buffer space was 400 m, while for the night it was 800 meters. Both of these public transport aspects pointed to certain spaces of the City of Zagreb which were not covered by public transport. The second aspect of this research included parameter of public transport frequencies. For the daily public transport, average frequency per hour was calculated for each bus- and train- station in the City of Zagreb, with exception of tramway stations, due to high frequency of tramway lines. Thereby, the public transport stations with below- and above-average frequencies were differentiated. These values were paired with buffer of 400 m, thereby obtaining city spaces which gravitate to below- or above-average frequent public transport stations. This research pointed out city districts that are highly transport disadvantaged. Especially outstanding parts are south, southwest, east and northeast part of the City of Zagreb.

Download Article

Number of downloads: 1161


Bole, D. 2004. Geography of Public Transport in Ljubljana (in Slovenian: Geografija javnega potniškega prometa na primeru Ljubljane), Geografski vestnik 76(2): 21-32.


Bukhari, S.M.A.; Hine, J.; Gunay, B.; Blair, N. 2010. Transport Disadvantage and Public Transport Network Change: A Case Study of Belfast City. In Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Transport Research WCTRS, 1-25.


Currie, G.; Delbosc, A. 2011. Transport Disadvantage: A Review. In New Perspectives and Methods in Transport and Social Exclusion Research (ed. Currie, G.). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. United Kingdom. 15-25.


Currie, G.; Gammie, F.; Waingold, C.; Paterson, D.; Vandersar, D. 2005. Rural and Regional Young People and Transport. Available from internet: https://docs.education.gov.au/system/files/doc/other/rural_and_regional_young_people_and_transport.pdf.


Currie, G.; Richardson, T.; Smyth, P.; Vella-Brodrick, D.; Hine, J.; Lucas, K.; Stanley, J.; Morris, J.; Kinnear, R.; Stanley, J. 2009. Investigating Links between Transport Disadvantage, Social Exclusion and Well-Being in Melbourne-Preliminary Results, Transport Policy 16(3): 97-105.


Delbosc, A.; Currie, G. 2011a. Exploring the Relative Influences of Transport Disadvantage and Social Exclusion on Well-being, Transport Policy 18(4): 555-562.


Delbosc, A.; Currie, G. 2011b. The Spatial Context of Transport Disadvantage, Social Exclusion and Well-being, Journal of Transport Geography 19(6): 1130-1137.


DOF layer. 2012. Digital Ortophoto-Geoportal of Zagreb Infrastructure of Spatial Data. City of Zagreb. Croatia.


Duff, C.; Moore, D. 2015. Going out, getting about: Atmospheres of Mobility in Melbourne’s Night-Time Economy, Social & Cultural Geography 16(3): 299-314.


Foda, M.A.; Osman, A.O. 2010. Using GIS for Measuring Transit Stop Accessibility Considering Actual Pedestrian Road Network, Journal of Public Transportation 13(4): 23-40.


Gašparović, S. 2014. Impact of Transport Disadvantage on Education of High School Population of the City of Zagreb. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering,789-800.


Gašparović, S. 2017. Transport Disadvantage and Evening Outings: The Example of High School Students of the City of Zagreb, International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering 7(3): 312-327.


Gutiérrez, J.; García-Palomares, J.C. 2008. Distance-Measure Impacts on the Calculation of Transport Service Areas Using GIS, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 35(1): 480-503.


Hine, J. 2011. Mobility and Transport Disadvantage. In Mobilities: New Perspectives on Transport and Society (eds. Grieco, M.; Urry, J.). Ashgate. United Kingdom. 21-39.


Hine, J.; Mitchell, F. 2001. The Role of Transport in Social Exclusion in Urban Scotland. Scottish Executive Central Research Unit. United Kingdom. 144 p.


Hine, J.; Mitchell, F. 2003. Transport Disadvantage and Social Exclusion: Exclusionary Mechanisms in Transport in Urban Scotland. Ashgate. United Kingdom. 168 p.


House of Commons. 2013. House of Commons, Environmental Audit Committee. Transport and Accessibility to Public Service. Available from internet: https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmenvaud/201/201.pdf.


Hurni, A. 2006. Transport and Social Disadvantage in Western Sydney: A Partnership Research Project. University of Western Sydney and Western Sydney Community Forum. Australia. 104 p.


Hurni, A. 2007. Marginalised groups in Western Sydney: The Experience of Sole Parents and Unemployed Young People. In: No Way To Go-Transport and Social Disadvantage in Australian Communities (eds. Currie, G.; Stanley, J.; Stanley, J.). Monash University ePress. Australia. 10.1-10.11.


Kamruzzaman, Md.; Hine, J. 2011. Participation Index: A Measure to Identify Rural Transport Disadvantage?, Journal of Transport Geography 19(4): 882-899.


Kamruzzaman, Md.; Hine, J. 2012. Analysis of Rural Activity Spaces and Transport Disadvantage Using a Multi-Method Approach, Transport Policy 19(1): 105-120.


Kimpel, T.; Dueker, K.; El-Geneidy, A. 2007. Using GIS to Measure the Effect of Overlapping Service Areas on Passenger Boardings at Bus Stops, Urban and Regional Information Systems Association Journal 19(1): 5-11.


Kozina, J. 2010. Modelling Spatial Accessibility to Public Transport Stops in Ljubljana (in Slovenian: Modeliranje prostorske dostopnosti do postajališÄ javnega potniškega prometa v Ljubljani), Geografski vestnik 82(1): 97-107.


Kroen, A. 2011. Addressing Transport Disadvantage of Older, Disabled and Low Income Population Groups. In Proceedings of the AITPM 2011 National Conference, 1-15.


Mattioli G.; Colleoni M. 2016. Transport Disadvantage, Car Dependence and Urban Form. In Understanding Mobilities for Designing Contemporary Cities. Research for Development (eds. Pucci, P.; Colleoni, M.). Springer. United Kingdom. 171-190.


Murray, A. T.; Davis, R.; Stimson, R. J.; Ferreira, L. 1998. Public Transportation Access, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 3(5): 319-328.


Murray, A.; Wu, X. 2003. Accessibility Tradeoffs in Public Transit Planning, Journal of Geographical Systems 5(1): 93-107.


Murray, A.T.; Davis, R. 2001. Equity in Regional Service Provision, Journal of Regional Science 41 (1): 577-600.


O'Neill, W.; Ramsey, D.; Chou, J. 1992. Analysis of Transit Service Areas Using Geographic Information Systems, Transportation Research Record 1364: 131-139.


TfL. 2010. Transport for London. Measuring Public Transport Accessibility Levels. Available from internet: http://data.london.gov.uk/documents/PTAL-methodology.pdf.


Wixey, S.; Jones, P.; Lucas, K.; Aldridge, M. 2005. Measuring Accessibility as Experienced by Different Socially Disadvantaged Groups. Transit Studies Group, University of Westminster. United Kingdom. 141 p.


Zagreb City Strategic Planning Office. 2013. City Office for the Strategic Planning and Development of the City of Zagreb. Analysis of existing land use and urban densities 2011 (in Croatian: Analize postojećeg stanja namjene površina i urbanih gustoća 2011;). Available from internet: http://www.zagreb.hr/UserDocsImages/arhiva/analiza_SKZ_final.pdf.