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Aleksandra Đukić - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Architecture, Bulevar Kralja Aleksandra 73/II, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia -

Milena Vukmirović - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Architecture, Bulevar Kralja Aleksandra 73/II, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia -


A large percent of CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions in Serbia originate from transport. In the last two decades, the number of private car users in Belgrade evidently increased compared to the number of users of environmentally friendly modes of transport. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of approaches to the improvement of the physical aspect of the open public spaces, which aim to increase the number of users of climate friendly modes of transport, particularly walking. Research was done using three methods: observation of the intensity of pedestrian movement in relation to different periods during the day, direct surveys of citizens and the evaluation of immediate pedestrian surroundings. Three kinds of results were obtained: the trends and concentration of pedestrian movement along the main street lines; the attitude of citizens pertaining to reliable pedestrian movement and elements which contribute to their commitment to walking; and the rhythm of activity units, transparency, and variety of activities on the ground floor of buildings. The contribution of the study is in combining different research methods. The interpretation of the results forms the basis for directing future research and campaigns on topics of climate friendly modes of transport in urban areas.

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The study was done within the research projects TR36035: Spatial, Ecological, Energy and Social Aspects of Urban Development and Climate Change – Interactions, and 177009: Modernization of Western Balkans, which was funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Serbia.


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