Volume List  / Volume 9 (1)

Article

ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE AIRPORT ENERGY MANAGEMENT USING SOLAR POWER TECHNOLOGY: THE CASE OF ADELAIDE AIRPORT, AUSTRALIA

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2019.9(1).07


9 / 1 / 81-100 Pages

Author(s)

Glenn Baxter - School of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Suan Dusit University, Hua Hin Campus 77110, Prachaup Khiri Khan, Thailand -

Panarat Srisaeng - School of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Suan Dusit University, Hua Hin Campus 77110, Prachaup Khiri Khan, Thailand -

Graham Wild - School of Engineering, RMIT University, PO Box 2476, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 3000 -


Abstract

Airports are extremely energy intensive areas. To mitigate the environmental impact of energy usage and to reduce their reliance on the traditional fossil-based energy sources, many airports around the world have installed solar photovoltaic (PV) systems as part of their environmental sustainability policies. One such airport that has embraced solar photovoltaic (PV) power is South Australia-based Adelaide Airport, who have installed the largest roof-top photovoltaic system at an Australian airport. Using an in-depth exploratory case study design, this paper empirically examines the environmental benefits arising from the use of the system for Adelaide Airport and the solar photovoltaic (PV) ownership model adopted by Adelaide Airports Limited, the airport operator. The qualitative data was analyzed using document analysis. The study found that the solar photovoltaic (PV) system installed at Adelaide Airport has delivered tangible environmental benefits. The system has enabled the airport to not only reduce its energy consumption by approximately 10% but also has enabled the airport to reduce its carbon emissions by an estimated 915 tonnes CO2-e. The system can offset 100% of the airport’s short-term car park’s electricity consumption, with the excess power being diverted to satisfy the other requirements of the airport.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 212


References:

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2009. Annual Report. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/08-09AnnualReportEditorial.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2010. 2009/2010 Annual Report. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/09-10AnnualReportEditorial.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2011. Adelaide Airport Limited Annual Report 2011. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/10-2011AnnualReportEditorial.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. Annual Report 2012. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/11-2012AnnualReportEditorial.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2013. Above us only sky: annual report. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/ada-4733_AR_12-13_FA_WEB.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2014a. Driven Vision: Annual Report 2013/2014. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/13-2014AnnualReportEditorial.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. Master Plan 2014b. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/NJ00176Masterplan_FA_WEB.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2016. Rising Above: Adelaide Airport Annual Report 15/16. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/20152016-AAL-AnnualReport-15_16-FA_web.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Ltd. 2017a. An investment for the future: 1.17MW solar photovoltaic (PV) system. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Solar-PV-information-sheet.pdf.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2017b. New Journeys Unfold Annual Report 2016/2017. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/annual-report-2016-2017/mobile/index.html#p=1.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2018a. Airlines. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/travellers-guide/airlines/.

 

Adelaide Airport Limited. 2018b. Company profile: welcome to the gateway to South Australia. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/about-us/company-profile/.

 

Ahmed, S.S.U.; Salehin, S.; Rahman, M.M.; Sadral Islam, A.K.M. 2017. Harvesting solar energy: Fundamentals and applications. In book (eds. Mondal, P., Dalai, A.K.) Sustainable Utilization of Natural Resources. CRC Press, USA: 381-416.

 

Airport Technology. 2015. Adelaide airport recognised for carbon emission reduction. Available from internet: https://www.airport-technology.com/news/newsadelaide-airport-recognised-for-carbon-emission-reduction-4578459/.

 

Airports Council International. 2008. Going greener: minimizing airport environmental impacts. Available from internet: http://www.aci-na.org/sites/default/files/going_greener_brochure.pdf.

 

Akyüz, M.K.; Altuntaş, O.; Söğüt, M.Z. 2017. Economic and environmental optimization of an airport terminal building’s wall and roof insulation, Sustainability 9(10): 1849.

 

Andrew, D.P.S.; Pedersen, P.M.; McEvoy, C.D. 2011. Research methods and design in sport management. Human Kinetics, USA. 290 p.

 

Anurag, A.; Zhang, J.; Gwamuri, J., Pearce, J.M. 2017. General design procedures for airport-based solar photovoltaic systems, Energies 10(8): 1194.

 

Australian Aviation. 2015. Adelaide Airport installing South Australia’s largest solar panel system. Available from internet:http://australianaviation.com.au/2015/10/adelaide-airport-installing-south-australias-largest-solar-panel-system/.

 

Baek, S.; Kim, H.; Joon Chang, H. 2016. Optimal hybrid renewable airport power system: empirical study on Incheon International Airport, South Korea. Sustainability 8(6): 562.

 

Balfour, J.R.; Shaw, M; Nash, N. 2013. Introduction to photovoltaic system design. Jones & Bartlett Learning, USA. 236 p.

 

Barrett, S. 2015. Ownership structures and the implications for developing airport solar projects in the USA, Journal of Airport Management 9(3): 248-263.

 

Barrett, S.B.; Devita, P.M. 2011. Investigating safety impacts of energy technologies on airports and aviation: a synthesis of airport practice. ACRP Synthesis 28. Transportation Research Board, USA. 47 p.

 

Barrett, S.; et al. 2014. Energy technologies’ compatibility with airports and airspace: guidance for aviation and energy planners, Journal of Airport Management 8(4): 318-326.

 

Baxter, G.; Srisaeng, P. 2018. Cooperating to compete in the global air cargo industry: The case of the DHL Express and Lufthansa Cargo A.G. joint venture airline ‘AeroLogic’, Infrastructures 3(1): 7.

 

Baxter, G.; Srisaeng, P.; Wild, G. 2018. An assessment of airport sustainability, Part 2—Energy management at Copenhagen Airport, Resources 7(2): 32.

 

Budd, L.; Budd, T., 2013. Environmental technology and the future of flight. In book (eds. Budd, L., Griggs, S., Howarth, D.) Sustainable Aviation Futures. Emerald Group Publishing, UK: 87-107.

 

Cardona, E.; Piacentino, A.; Cardona, F. 2006. Energy saving in airports by trigeneration. Part I: Assessing economic and technical potential, Applied Thermal Engineering 26(14-15): 1427-1436.

 

Chester, L. 2016. A rėgulationist analysis of an industry sector using mixed research methods. In book (eds. Lee, F.S., Cronin, B) Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Heterodox Economics. Edward Elgar, UK: 569-590.

 

Cowper-Smith A.; de Grosbois, D. 2011. The adoption of corporate social responsibility practices in the airline industry, Journal of Sustainable Tourism 19(1): 59–77.

 

Coyle, J.J.; Thomchick, E.A.; Ruamsook, K., 2015. Environmentally sustainable supply chain management: an evolutionary framework, Marketing dynamism & sustainability: things change, things stay the same. In (ed. Robinson, L Jnr) Proceedings of the 2012 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, May 15-20, New Orleans: Springer International Publishing, 365-374.

 

Curran, S. 2016. Economic viability of using grid-connected photovoltaic energy in an airport in Jamaica, The Journal of the Association of Professional Engineers of Trinidad and Tobago 44(1): 16-21.

 

Deambi, S. 2016. Photovoltaic system design: procedures, tools and applications. CRC Press, USA. 254 p.

 

DeVault, T.L.; et al. 2014. Bird use of solar photovoltaic installations at US airports: implications for aviation safety, Landscape and Urban Planning 122: 122-128.

 

Douetil, K. 2015. Adelaide Airport to build largest rooftop solar system in Australia, International Airport Review, December 2. Available from internet: https://www.internationalairportreview.com/news/21371/adelaide-airport-to-build-largest-rooftop-solar-system-in-australia/.

 

Farquhar, J. D. 2012. Case study research for business. SAGE Publications, UK. 134 p.

 

Fernando, A.C. 2011. Business environment. Dorling Kindersley India, India. 680 p.

 

Fulcher, J.; Scott, J. 2011. Sociology, Fourth Edition. Oxford University Press, UK. 879 p.

 

Gevorkian, P. 2016. Solar power generation problems, solutions and monitoring. Cambridge University Press, USA. 484 p.

 

Gomri, R.; Mebarki, B. 2016. Dynamic study of an adsorber of a solar adsorption refrigeration machine used for air conditioning of airports, International Journal of Sustainable Aviation 2(2): 170-180.

 

Graham, A. 2014. Managing airports: an international perspective, Fourth Edition. Routledge, UK. 344 p.

 

Graham, A.; Ison, S. 2014. The role of airports in air transport. In book (eds. Goetz, A.R., Budd, L.) The Geographies of Air Transport. Ashgate Publishing, UK: 81-101.

 

Hariprasad, V.; et al. 2017. Energy support to airports by wind systems. In Proceeding of the 2017 International conference of Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA), 20-22 April 2017, Coimbatore, India. Coimbatore, IEEE: 748-751.

 

Heras-Saizarbitoria, I. et al. 2018. Drivers, obstacles and benefits of the adoption of SA8000: A survey in Italian companies. In book (ed. Heras-Saizarbitoria, I.) ISO 9001, ISO 14001, and New Management Standards. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland: 109-130.

 

Hogan, P.; Bolt, S. 2016. Powered by the Sun – Adelaide Airport, International Airport Review, July 7. Available from internet: https://www.internationalairportreview.com/article/23743/powered-sun-adelaide-airport/.

 

Janić, M. 2011. Greening airports: Advanced technology and operations. Springer-Verlag, UK. 206 p.

 

Kandt, A.; Romero, R. 2014. Siting solar photovoltaics at airports. Available from internet: https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy14osti/62304.pdf.

 

Kazda, T.; Caves, B.; Kamenický, M., 2015. Environmental control. In book (eds. Kazda, A., Caves, R.E.) Airport Design and Operation, Third Edition. Emerald Group Publishing, UK: 457-500.

 

Kramer, L.S. 2010. Airport revenue diversification: a synthesis of practice. Airport Cooperative Research Program Synthesis 19. Transportation Research Board, USA. 55 p.

 

Kridel, C. 2018. An introduction to documentary research. Available from internet: http://www.aera.net/SIG013/Research-Connections/Introduction-to-Documentary-Research.

 

Lew, J. 2018. Why airports are embracing renewable energy. Available from internet: https://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/stories/why-some-airports-are-going-solar.

 

Libertini, G. 2014. Project for powerful wind power plants with vertical axis of rotation, Second Edition. Copernican, Italy. 144 p.

 

Love, P. 2003. Document analysis. In book (eds. Stage, F.K., Manning, K.) Research in the College Context: Approaches and Methods. Brunner-Routledge, USA: 83-96.

 

McNabb, D.E. 2013. Research methods in public administration and nonprofit management: quantitative and qualitative approaches, Third Edition. Routledge, UK. 501 p.

 

Menon, S. 2015. How is the world's first solar powered airport faring? Available from internet: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-34421419.

 

Miller, D. 2018. Impact of solar energy on wildlife is an emerging environmental issue. Available from internet: http://www.bv.com/insights/expert-perspectives/impact-solar-energy-wildlife-emerging-environmental-issue.

 

Morris, P.L., 2017. Triangulation. In book (ed. Allen, M.) The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods. SAGE Publications, USA: 1781-1783.

 

Mostafa, M.F.A.; Abdel Aleem, S.H.E.; Ibrahim, A.M., 2016. Using solar photovoltaic at Egyptian airports: Opportunities and challenges. In Proceedings of the Power Systems Conference (MEPCON), 2016 Eighteenth International Middle East, Cairo, Egypt, 27-29 December 2016: 73-80.

 

Mostafa, M.F.A.; Abdel Aleem, S.H.E.; Zobaa, A.F. 2016. Risk assessment and possible mitigation solutions for using solar photovoltaic at airports. In Proceedings of the Power Systems Conference (MEPCON), 2016 Eighteenth International Middle East, Cairo, Egypt, 27-29 December 2016, 81-88.

 

Navuluri, B. 2015. Adelaide Airport to tap solar power with new rooftop system, Airport Technology, 26 October. Available from internet: https://www.airport-technology.com/news/newsadelaide-airport-to-tap-solar-power-with-new-rooftop-system-4701812/.

 

Oates, B.J. 2006. Researching information systems and computing. SAGE Publications, UK. 360 p.

 

O'Leary, Z. 2004. The essential guide to doing research. SAGE Publications, UK, 226 p.

 

Ortega Alba, S.; Manana, M. 2016. Energy research in airports: A review. Energies 9(5): 349.

 

Ortega Alba, S.; Manana, M. 2017. Characterization and analysis of energy demand patterns in airports, Energies 10(1): 119.

 

Preston, K. 2015. Sustainability initiatives helping airports address climate change, International Airport Review 19(5): 16-19.

 

Radomska, M.; Chernyak, L.; Samsoniuk, O. 2018. The improvement of energy-saving performance at Ukrainian airports. In book (eds. Karakoç, T.H., Ozgur Colpan, C., Şöhret, Y.) Advances in Sustainable Aviation. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland:189-203.

 

Ramon Gil-Garcia, J. 2012. Enacting electronic government success: an integrative study of government-wide websites, organizational capabilities, and institutions. Springer Science-Business Media, USA, 254 p.

 

Rashid, N.; Shami, S. 2017 The moderating effect of eco product innovation on ISO14001 EMS and sustainable development. In (eds. Bin Abdollah, M.F. et al.) Proceedings of Mechanical Engineering Research Day 2017. Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka: 262-264.

 

Ritter, M.; Bertelsen, G.; Haseman, Z. 2011. The carbon market: a primer for airports. Airport Cooperative Research Program Report 57. Transportation Research Board, USA. 72 p. Sadler, K. 2015. Adelaide Airport recognised for reducing carbon emissions, International Airport Review, May 15. Available from internet: https://www.internationalairportreview.com/news/19540/adelaide-airport-recognised-for-reducing-carbon-emissions/.

 

Scott, J. 1990. A matter of record: documentary sources in social research. Polity Press, UK. 233 p.

 

Scott, J. A. 2014. Dictionary of sociology, Fourth Edition. Oxford University Press, UK. 816 p.

 

Scott, J.; Marshall, G. 2009. A dictionary of sociology, Third Edition. Oxford University Press, UK. 816 p.

 

Solanki, C.S.; Singh, H.K. 2017. Anti-reflection and light trapping in c-Si solar cells. Springer Nature Singapore, Singapore. 186 p.

 

Sukumaran, S.; Sudhakar, K. 2017a. Fully solar powered Raja Bhoj International Airport: a feasibility study, Resource-Efficient Technologies 3(3): 309-316.

 

Sukumaran, S.; Sudhakar, K. 2017b. Fully solar powered airport: a case study of Cochin International Airport. Journal of Air Transport Management 62: 176-188.

 

Thomas, C.; Hooper, P. 2013. Sustainable development and environmental capacity of airports. In book (eds. Ashford et al.) Airport Operations, Third Edition. McGraw-Hill, Inc, USA: 553-578.

 

United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 2018. Solar energy. Available from internet: https://www.fws.gov/ecological-services/energy-development/solar.html.

 

van Schoor, B. 2017. Fighting corruption collectively: how successful are sector-specific coordinated governance initiatives in curbing corruption. Springer VS, Germany. 221 p.

 

Vanker, S.; Enneveer, M.; Mäsak, M. 2013. Implementation of environmentally friendly measures at Tallinn Airport, Aviation 17(1): 14-21.

 

Wellington, J. 2015. Educational research: contemporary issues and practical approaches, Second Edition. Bloomsbury Academic, UK. 368 p.

 

Wybo, J.L. 2013. Large-scale photovoltaic systems in airport areas: safety concerns, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 21: 402-410.

 

Yerel S.K; Yayli, M. Ö. 2016. Investigation of renewable energy sources for airports. In book (eds. Hikmet, T., et al.) Sustainable Aviation: Energy and Environmental Issues. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland: 11-16.

 

Yin, R. K. 2017. Case study research: design and methods, Fifth Edition. SAGE Publications, USA. 312 p.

 

Young, J. 2014a. Environment statement. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/EMPOLEnvironmentStatement.pdf.

 

Young, J. 2014b. Sustainability policy. Available from internet: https://www.adelaideairport.com.au/corporate/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/EMPOLSustainabilityPolicy.pdf.