Volume List  / Volume 6 (2)

Article

ANALYSIS ON THE ROAD TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS OF THE AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2016.6(2).08


6 / 2 / 212-221 Pages

Author(s)

Tsetadirgachew Legesse - Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama 1888, Ethiopia -


Abstract

The Amhara National Regional State is lying between the Abay and Tekeze rivers with vast territory, endowed with varied climatic regions and different kinds of natural recourses. It is one of the areas of earliest settlement in Ethiopia as a result of which has been experiencing high deterioration of natural resources. The rugged and steep escarpments and the frequently incised topography are making the construction of road transportation very difficult and expensive in financial terms. Moreover, landslides and severely eroded gullies in regions of heavy precipitations have exacerbated the problems to enhance the road network of the area as a result of which it remained far from adequacy for the population of the region. Even today the transport map of the region is most impressive by it bareness. Generally, the overall results of this study indicate that the road network in the Amhara National Regional State is with single connection tree like shape with few extended arms, with the value of Beta index less than 1, Cyclomatic number equals 0, Gamma index between 0-0.42, Alpha index ranging between 0-0.6. These results show that most of the areas in Amhara region are inaccessible and need a long distance travel to access the nearest road. Based on these empirical findings and the reviewed literature, the researcher would like to recommend that the construction of more road networks is imperative in Amhara region taking into account the socio-economic importance of the areas to be connected to the main road system of the country.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 6329


Acknowledgements:

The author profound thanks and gratitude to Mesay Mlugeta for his encouragement and support.


References:

Admasu, S. 2013. Road Infrastructure and Enterprise Dynamics in Ethiopia. Williamsburg, The College of William and Mary, USA.

 

Alemseged, G. 1986. Geography of Transport and Development. Addis Ababa University, Bahirdar Teachers College, Bahirdar.

 

Brain, H. 1988. Modern Transport Geography. Edition 2, Wiley.

 

EMA. 1988. National Atlas of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa.

 

Hurni, H. 1988. Degradation and Conservation of Soil Resources in Ethiopia Highlands. Presented at the First International Workshop on African Mountains and Highlands: Ethiopia Mountains Research and Development, 8(2-3): 123-130.

 

Desta, L.; Kassie, M.; Benin, S.; Pender, J. 2000. Land Degradation and Strategies for Sustainable Development in Ethiopia Highlands, Amhara Region, ILRI and Nairobi, Kenya.

 

Mesfin, W. 1972. An Introduction of Ethiopian Geography. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Pradhan, R.P. 2010. Transportation Infrastructure, Energy, Consumption and Economic Growth Triangle in India: Cointegration and Causality Analysis, Journal of Sustainable Development, 3(2): 167-173.

 

Richard, P. 1973. The Economic History of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Robinson, H.; Bamford, C.G. 1978. Geography of Transport. MacDonald and Evans.

 

Taaffe, E.; Gauthier. H. 1973. Geography of Transportation. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey.

 

Wondemu, K.A.; Weiss, J. 2012. Rural Roads and Development: Evidence from Ethiopia, European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 12(4): 417-439.

 

Worku, I. 2011a. Road Sector Development and Economic Growth in Ethiopia. EDRI Working Paper 4. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Worku, I. 2011b. Road Sector Development, Stock of Achievements, Impact on Overall and Sectoral Economic Growth. Ethiopia Development Research Institute (CEDRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

World Bank Project Appraisal Document. 2003. Ethiopia - Second Road Sector Development Program Project World Bank, Chicago.