Volume List  / Volume 3 (1)



DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2013.3(1).02

3 / 1 / 16-33 Pages


Jaiye Jehoshaphat Dukiya - Federal University of Technology, Department of Transport Management Technology, Minna, Nigeria -

Vimal Gahlot - Public Works Department, Government of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India -


As man continues to encroach on the natural habitat of the arboreal (birds and other wildlife), problems like aircraft-bird strikes continues to aggravate as air traffic volume increases. This study focused on the Aminu Kano International Airport in Nigeria due to importance of its geographical location and the air traffic flow. The analysis result reveals that 12 bird species were involved in 44 strikes at the airport between the year 2001-2010 and mostly during the rainy seasons. The airport during the same period recorded 55,205 aircraft movement that carried 3,551,587 passengers. Distribution of these strikes by phase indicates that 32% occurred on approach, 25% on landing roll, 20% on takeoff, 4.5% on descend, 4.5% during climb while 14% at other phases. Using the International Bird Strike Committee strike rate (per 10,000 flights), the computed strike rate for this airport is 7.97 per 10,000 flights. It is therefore recommended that “Bird Strike Avoidance Radar” equipment that will alert the control tower which will in turn alert the pilot of the presence of birds along his way be installed in major airports in the country.

Download Article

Number of downloads: 10264


Adekola, S. 2010. Menace of the bird strikes and its economic pain. Available from Internet: http://www.tribune.com.ng.


Anghileri, M.; Castelletti, L.M.L.; Molinelli, D.; Motta, F. 2009. A Strategy to Design Bird-proof Spinners. Available from Internet: www.dynalook.com/european-conf-2009/H-I-02.pdf.


Ash, J.S.; Ferguson-Lees, I.J.; Fry, C.H. 1967. B.O.U. Expedition to Lake Chad, Northern Nigeria, 109(1967): 478-486.


Barras, S.C.; Carrara, M.S.; Dolbeer, R.A.; Chipman, R.B.; Bernhardt, G.E. 2000. Bird and small mammal use of mowed and unmoved vegetation at John F. Kennedy International Airport, 1998 to 1999. In Proceedings of Vertebrate Pest Conference, (19): 31-36.


Barras, S.C.; Seamans, C.T. 2002. Habitat management approaches for reducing wildlife use of airfields. In Proceedings of Vertebrate Pest Conference, (20): 309-315.


Beason, R.C.; Begier, M.J. 2006. The use of Radar to augment visual observations in wildlife hazard assessments. In Proceedings of the 8th Bird Strike Committee USA/Canada Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. 9 p.


Cleary, E.C.; Dolbeer, R.A. 2005. Wildlife Hazard Management at Airport: A Manual of Airport Personnel, Second Edition. 1-135.


Dolbeer, R.A.; Seubert, J.L. 2009. Canada goose populations and strikes with civil aircraft, 1990–2008: challenging trends for aviation industry. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, Wildlife Services, Airport Wildlife Hazards Program. Available from Internet: http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/7872/1/vz_Marra_Dove_etal_proof_Frontiers_in_Ecology.pdf.


Dumerun, H.O. 2010. Air Safety in Nigeria. Available from Internet: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Demuren.


Elgood, J.H.; Heigham, J.B.; Moore, A.M.; Nason, A.M.; Sharland, R.E.; Skinner, N.J. 1994. The Birds of Nigeria - an annotated check-list. British Ornithologists Union, Check-List No. 4 (Second Edition). The Natural History Museum, Tring. Available from Internet: http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=7154.


Gustafsson, R.; Hjort, C.; Ottosson, U.; Hall, P. 2003. Birds of Lake Chad and in the Sahel of North Eastern Nigeria, 1997-2000, The Lake Chad Bird Migration Project, Ottenby Bird Observatory, Degerhamn, Sweden.


Hopson, C. 1964. Vietnam Air Losses, USAF, USN, USMC, Fixed-Wing Aircraft Losses in Southeast Asia 1961–1973, North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, ISBN 1-85780-115-6.


International Bird Strike Committee (IBSC). 2002. Best Practices Manual An Aviation Guide To The Management Of Wildlife Hazards. Available from Internet: http://www.int-birdstrike.org/referenceInformation.cfm?ref=Amsterdam.


International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). 2006. Regional Seminar on Wildlife Hazard Reduction, Bangkok, Thailand. Available from Internet: http://www.bangkok.icao.int/news/ICAO_APAC-Regional-Report.pdf.


Morgenroth, C. 2003. Development of an Index for Calculating the Flight Safety relevance of Bird Species for an Assessment of the Bird Strike Hazard at Airports, Bird and Aviation, 23(2): 1-7.


Nasirwa, O. 2001. Bird Migration and Bird Strike situation in Kenya, National Museum of Kenya. In Proceedings of a workshop held at the National Museums, Nairobi, Kenya. Available from Internet: http://www.birds.org.il/SIP_STORAGE/files/5/1505.pdf.


Osa-Okunbor, K. 2010. Bird strike: Domestic airlines count losses. Available from Internet: http://www.thenationonlineng.net.


Shobakin, H.O. 2009. Bird Prevention: Control techniques adopted by FAAN. A paper presented at the Ramp Safety Event, Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport, Kano, Nigeria. 23-35 p.


Thomas, S. 1990. Bird Hazard Management at Manchester Airport, Manchester Airport Plc Report. 101-116.


USA. 2009. Managing wildlife hazards to aircraft, A USA presentation to ICAO North American, Central American and Caribbean Office (NACC), 10th meeting of Directors of Civil Aviation of the Central Caribbean (C/CAR/DCA/10), Grand Cayman, Cayman Island.


Woronecki, P.P.; Dolbeer, R.A.; Seamans, T.W.; Lance, R. 1992. Alpha-chloralose efficacy in capturing nuisance waterfowl and pigeons and current status of FDA registration. In Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference, (15): 72-78.