Volume List  / Volume 11 (4)

Article

WHAT MAKES A SUCCESSFUL HELICOPTER PILOT? A FUZZY MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING APPROACH

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte2021.11(4).02


11 / 4 / 507 - 527 Pages

Author(s)

Jelena Petrović - University of Defence, Military Academy, Belgrade, Pavla Jurisica Sturma 33, 11 000, Belgrade, Serbia -

Ivan Petrović - University of Defence, Military Academy, Belgrade, Pavla Jurisica Sturma 33, 11 000, Belgrade, Serbia -


Abstract

With enlargement of costs of training and hazards, and high responsibility of job, importance of proper selection of pilots is huge. The nature of flight mission can be equally important factor for selection, so as different abilities and test results. On the sample of 50 pilots of different types of helicopter missions (military, police and commercial) without accidents in career, pilots had to make assessment about traits which are high important for successful helicopter pilot, and then make self – assessment based on five point Likert scale. Data were processed by fuzzy - DEMATEL and fuzzy - TOPSIS methods. Quantitative and qualitative differences in assessment of personality traits for successful helicopter pilots between three branches were found.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 30


References:

Ashman, A.; Tefler, R. 1983. Personality profiles of pilots, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 54: 940-943.

 

Baykasoğlu, A.; Gölcük, İ. 2017. Development of an interval type-2 fuzzy sets based hierarchical MADM model by combining DEMATEL and TOPSIS, Expert Systems with Applications 70: 37-51.

 

Besco, R. 1994. Pilot personality testing and the emperor’s new clothes. In Ergonomics in Design, 24–29.

 

Boyd, J. E.; Patterson, J. C.; Thompson, B. T. 2005. Psychological test profiles of USAF pilots before training vs. type aircraft flown, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 76: 463-468.

 

Brodsky, S. L.; Brodsky, A. M. 1967. Hand test indicators of antisocial behavior, Journal of Projective Personality Assessment 31: 36–39.

 

Bubalo, T.; Rajsman, M.; Škorput, P. 2021. Analytic hierarchy process in the function of evaluation of transport service quality in Bus Company, International Journal for Traffic & Transport Engineering 11(1): 1-16.

 

Chang, D. Y. 1996. Applications of the extent analysis method on fuzzy AHP, European journal of operational research 95(3): 649-655.

 

Chappelle, W.; Novy, P. L.; Sowin, T. W.; Thompson, W. T. 2010. NEO PI-R Normative Personality Data That Distinguish U.S. Air Force Female Pilots, Military Psychology 22(2): 158-175.

 

Chaturvedula, S.; Joseph, C. 2007. Dimensions of psychological well-being and personality in military aircrew: A preliminary study, Indian Journal of Aerospace Medicine 51(2): 17-27.

 

Chidester, T. R. 1990. Trends and individual differences in rerrponse to short-haul flight operations, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 61: 132-138.

 

Chidester, T.R.; Helmreich, R.L.; Gregorich, S.E.; Geis, C.E. 1991. Pilot Personality and Crew Coordination: Implications for Training and Selection, The International Journal of Aviation Psychology 1(1): 25-44.

 

Chou, Y. C.; Sun, C. C.; Yen, H. Y. 2012. Evaluating the criteria for human resource for science and technology (HRST) based on an integrated fuzzy AHP and fuzzy DEMATEL approach, Applied Soft Computing 12(1): 64-71.

 

Christen, B.R.; Moore, J. L. 1998. A descriptive analysis of “not aeronautically adaptable” dispositions in the US Navy, Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 69(11): 1071-1075.

 

Čokorilo, O.; Gvozdenović, S.; Mirosavljević, P.; Vasov, L. 2010. Multi attribute decision making: Assessing the technological and operational parameters of an aircraft, Transport 25(4): 352-356.

 

Devadoss, A. V.; Felix, A. A. 2013. Fuzzy DEMATEL approach to study cause and effect relationship of youth violence, International Journal of Computing Algorithm 2: 363-372.

 

Dickens, P. 2021. Big 5 Personality Characteristics of Rotary-Wing Aircrew. Available from Internet: Big 5 Personality Characteristics of Rotary-Wing Aircrew.pdf (multiscreensite.com).

 

Dockeray F.C.; Isaacs, S. 1921. Psychological research in aviation in Italy, France, England, and the American Expeditionary Forces, Journal of Comparative Psychology 1(2): 115-148.

 

Donovan, J. J.; Dwight, S. A.; Hurtz, G. M. 2003. An assessment of the prevalence, severity, and verifiability of entry level applicant faking using the randomized response technique, Human Performance 16: 81–106.

 

Dožić, S. 2019. Multi-criteria decision making methods: Application in the aviation industry, Journal of Air Transport Management 79: 1–22.

 

Foushe, H. C.; Helmreich, R L.1988. Group interaction md flight crew performance. In Human factors in aviation, 189-227.

 

Fry, G. E.; Reinhardt, R. F. 1969. Personality characteristic of jet pilots as measured by the Edward Personal Preference Schedule, Aerospace Medicine 40: 484-486.

 

Galić, Z.; Jerneić, Ž.; Kovačić, M. P. 2012. Do applicants fake their personality questionnaire responses and how successful are their attempts? A case of military pilot cadet selection, International Journal of Selection and Assessment 20(2): 229-241.

 

Ganesh, D.; Joseph, C. 2005. Personality studies in aircrew: An overview, Indian Journal of Aerospace Medicine 49(1): 54-62.

 

Gavade, R. K. 2014. Multi-Criteria Decision Making: An overview of different selection problems and methods, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies 5(4): 5643-5646.

 

Geist, C. R.; Boyd, S. T. 1980. Personality Characteristics of Army Helicopter Pilots, Perceptual and Motor Skills 51(1): 253–254.

 

Grice, R.; Katz, L. C. 2006. Personality profiles of experienced US Army aviators across mission platforms. Available from Internet: a457567.pdf (dtic.mil).

 

Grice, R.; Katz, L. C. 2007. Personality Profiles of U.S. Army Initial Entry Rotary Wing Students Versus Career Aviators. Available from Internet: Microsoft Word - TR 1208.doc (dtic.mil).

 

Hosseini, M. B.; Tarokh, M. J. 2013. Type-2 fuzzy set extension of DEMATEL method combined with perceptual computing for decision making, Journal of Industrial Engineering International 9(1): 1-10.

 

Hunter, D. R.; Burke, E. F. 1994. Predicting aircraft pilot training success: A meta-analysis of published research, The International Journal of Aviation Psychology 4(4): 297–313.

 

Hunter, D. R. 1989. Aviator selection. In Military personnel measurement, 129-167.

 

Hwang, C. L.; Yoon, K. 1981. Methods for multiple attribute decision making. In Multiple attribute decision making, 58-191.

 

Jenkins, C. D.; Zyzanski, S. I.; Rosenman, R. H. 1971. Progress toward validation of a computer scored test for the Type A coronary prone behavior pattern, Psychometric Medicine 33: 193-202.

 

Junior, F. R. L.; Osiro, L.; Carpinetti, L. C. R. 2014. A comparison between Fuzzy AHP and Fuzzy TOPSIS methods to supplier selection, Applied Soft Computing 21: 194-209.

 

Kahraman, C.; Onar, S. C.; Oztaysi, B. 2015. Fuzzy multicriteria decision-making: a literature review, International journal of computational intelligence systems 8(4): 637-666.

 

Kahraman, C.; Öztayşi, B.; Sarı, İ. U.; Turanoğlu, E. 2014. Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process with interval type-2 fuzzy sets, Knowledge-Based Systems 59: 48-57.

 

King, R. E.; McGlohn, S. E.; Retzlaff, P. D. 1997. Female United States Air Force pilot personality: The new right stuff, Military Medicine 162: 695–697.

 

King, R. E.; Retzlaff, P. D.; Barto, E. B.; Ree, M. J.; Teachout, M. S. 2012. Pilot personality and training outcomes. Available from internet: a571477.pdf (dtic.mil).

 

King, R.E.; McGlohn, S.E.; Retzlaff, P.D. 1997. Female United States Air Force pilot personality: the new right stuff, Military Medicine 162(10): 695-697.

 

Lardent, Jr. C. L. 1991. Pilots who crash: personality constructs underlying accident prone behavior of fighter pilots, Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research 10: 1-25.

 

Lin, R. J. 2013. Using fuzzy DEMATEL to evaluate the green supply chain management practices, Journal of Cleaner Production 40: 32-39.

 

Martinussen, M. 1996. Psychological measures as predictors of pilot performance: A meta-analysis, The International Journal of Aviation Psychology 6(1): 1-20.

 

McGlohn, S.E.; King, R.E.; Butler, J.W.; Retzlaff, P.D. 1997. Female United States Air Force (USAF) pilots: themes, challenges, and possible solutions, Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 68(2): 132-136.

 

Meško, M.; Karpljuk, D.; Meško Štok, Z.; Videmšek, M.; Bertoncel, T.; Bertoncelj, A.; Podbregar , I. 2013. Motor Abilities and Psychological Characteristics of Slovene Military Pilots, The International Journal of Aviation Psychology 23(4): 306-318.

 

Moghaddam, N. B.; Sahafzadeh, M.; Alavijeh, A. S.; Yousefdehi, H.; Hosseini, S. H. 2011. Strategic Environment Analysis Using DEMATEL Method through Systematic Approach, Management Science and Engineering 4(4): 95-105.

 

Muhammad, M. N.; Cavus, N. 2017. Fuzzy DEMATEL method for identifying LMS evaluation criteria, Procedia computer science 120: 742-749.

 

Novello, J. R.; Yousset, Z. I. 1974a. Psychosocial studies in general aviation: I. Personality profile of male pilots, Aerospace Medicine 45: 185-188.

 

Novello, J. R.; Youssef, Z. I. 1974b. Psycho-social studies in general aviation: II. Personality profile of female pilots, Aerospace Medicine 45: 660-663.

 

Rajati, M. R.; Mendel, J. M. 2013. On advanced computing with words using the generalized extension principle for type-1 fuzzy sets, IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems 22(5): 1245-1261.

 

Retzlaff, P. D.; Gibertini, M. 1987. Air Force pilot personality: Hard data on the right stuff, Multivariate Behavioral Research 22(4): 383-389.

 

Rippon, T. S.; Manuel, E.G. 1918. The report on the essential characteristics of successful and unsuccessful aviators with special reference to temperament, The Lancet 192(4961): 411-415.

 

Sangaiah, A. K.; Subramaniam, P. R.; Zheng, X. 2015. A combined fuzzy DEMATEL and fuzzy TOPSIS approach for evaluating GSD project outcome factors, Neural Computing and Applications 26(5): 1025-1040.

 

Shih, H. S. 2008. Incremental analysis for MCDM with an application to group TOPSIS, European Journal of Operational Research 186(2): 720-734.

 

Tadić, S.; Zečević, S.; Krstić, M. 2015. Ranking of logistics system scenarios using combined fuzzy ahp-vikor model, International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering 5(1): 54-63.

 

Velasquez, M.; Hester, P. T. 2013. An analysis of multi-criteria decision making methods, International journal of operations research 10(2): 56-66.

 

Voge, V.M. 1989. Failing aviator syndrome: a case history, Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine 60(7): 89-91.

 

Wakcher, S.; Cross, K.; Blackman, M. C. 2003. Personality Comparison of Airline Pilot Incumbents, Applicants, and the General Population Norms on the 16PF, Psychological Reports 92(3): 773-780.

 

Wu, W. W.; Lee, Y. T. 2007. Developing global managers’competencies using the fuzzy DEMATEL method, Expert systems with applications 32(2): 499-507.