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Article

IMPACT OF THE DIVERSITY OF DRIVERS' CHARACTERISTICS ON TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS AND RESULTS ACCORDING TO DIFFERENCES OF GENDER AND AGE CATEGORIES OF DRIVERS IN GREECE

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2018.8(4).06


8 / 4 / 466 - 480 Pages

Author(s)

Jameel Al-Karablieh - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Division of Transportation and Project Management, School of Engineering, Thessaloniki, Greece -

Fotini Kehagia - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Division of Transportation and Project Management, School of Engineering, Thessaloniki, Greece -


Abstract

The study included evaluation of traffic accidents and their results on drivers according to the variation of drivers' characteristics in Greece, which were gender and ages’ categories of drivers. The data obtained from Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) and they comprised of traffic accidents No. during five years over the period (2012-2016). Data divided to two types; the first type included traffic accidents No. that distributed according to gender and ages categories of drivers who involved those accidents. In addition, the second type composed of accidents No. that divided according to their impacts on the drivers, either fatal, injuries or safe. Several statistical tests were used for analyzing each type of data and the study concluded model for traffic accidents in Greece. The study found that there were a relationship between the different variables of drivers' characteristics, which resulted to be differences in traffic accidents No. and variety in accidents impacts on drivers. In addition, male and youth drivers are the most causing of traffic accidents comparison to other classifications of drivers. Therefore, the study recommends increasing the awareness of drivers and applying the deterrent penalties that improve the performance of drivers on the roads for reducing traffic accidents to satisfy the safety on roads.


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Acknowledgements:

We would like to thank the Division of Transportation and Project Management at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki for availability all the necessary supports and facilities to conduct the study and publishing through them. In addition, we are very grateful to Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) for providing us the various statistical data, which required for doing the research.


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