Volume List  / Volume 6 (1)

Article

ASSESSING AND MITIGATING THE IMPACTS OF DYNAMIC MESSAGE SIGNS ON HIGHWAY TRAFFIC

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2016.6(1).01


6 / 1 / 1-12 Pages

Author(s)

Miao Song - Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, Blacksburg VA, USA -

Jyh-Hone Wang - Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston RI, USA -

Sam Cheung - U.S. Coast Guard Research and Development Center, New London CT, USA -

Merve Keceli - Google, Mountain View, CA, USA -


Abstract

As a critical component in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) of modern traffic management, dynamic message signs (DMS) are widely used in many countries as an effective means to provide motorists with up-to-date information regarding accidents, congestion, road conditions and travel time, etc. However, it was observed in traffic data that motorists tended to slow down when approaching active DMSs and speed up after passing these signs. The speed variations could pose safety hazards to other motorists on highways. To gain insights into this issue and understand associated causes and risks, a human factors study was conducted to help ease the speed variation when approaching DMSs. The effect of DMS messages on traffic approaching and passing the signs were assessed by analyzing highway traffic data near DMSs. A questionnaire survey was conducted to identify associated causes and risks. Participants were further surveyed about their preferences on DMS characteristics such as message category, message type, number of frames, message details, and the use of graphics. Individual drivers' responses to various DMS designs were evaluated through a simulation test. This study has provided updated knowledge regarding the effects of DMSs on highway traffic and has identified measures to improve the design and display of DMS messages to help ease the speed variation of approaching traffic.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 744


Acknowledgements:

The authors would like to thank the University of Rhode Island Transportation Center (URITC) and the Rhode Island Department of Transportation (RIDOT) for their support and guidance in this study.


References:

Benson, B.G. 1996. Motorist attitudes about content of variable message signs, Transportation Research Record, 1550: 48-57.

 

Bonsall, P.W. 1992. Research methods for the study of driver response to in-vehicle and roadside guidance-methods. In Proceedings of the Sixth World Conference on Transport Research, 2515-2530.

 

Boyle, L.N.; Mannering, F. 2004. Impact of traveler advisory systems on driving speed: some new evidence, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 12(1): 57-72.

 

Bruce, D.; Boehm-Davis, B.H.; Mahach, K. 2000. In-vehicle auditory display of symbolic information. In Proceedings of the 14th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and the 44th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 230-233.

 

Conference of European Directors of Roads (CEDR). 2003. Action FIVE - Framework for Harmonized Implementation of Variable Message Signs in Europe. LV-SE2000 0826.

 

Dudek, C.L. 2004. Changeable Message Sign Operation and Messaging Handbook, Report FHWA-OP-03-070, Federal Highway Administration, Texas Transportation Institute.

 

Hanowski, R.J.; Kantowitz, B.H. 1997. Driver memory retention of in-vehicle information system messages, Transportation Research Record, 1573: 8-18.

 

Harder, K.A.; Bloomfield, J.R.; Chihak, B.J. 2003. The Effectiveness and Safety of Traffic and Non-traffic Related Messages Presented on Changeable Message Signs, Publication MN/RC-2004-27, Minnesota: Minnesota Department of Transportation.

 

Harder, K.A.; Bloomfield, J.R. 2008. The Effectiveness and Safety of Traffic and Non-Traffic Related Messages Presented on Changeable Message Signs-Phase II. Minnesota Department of Transportation, Minneapolis.

 

Hauer, E. 1971. Accidents, overtaking and speed control, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 3(1): 1-12.

 

Lave, C.A. 1985. Speeding, coordination, and the 55 mph limit, The American Economic Review, 75(5): 1159-1164.

 

The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2009. Federal Highway Administration, U.S. DOT.

 

Peng, Z.R.; Guequierre, N.; Blakerman, J.C. 2004. Motorist response to arterial variable message signs, Transportation Research Record, 1899: 55-63.

 

Rodriguez, R.J. 1990. Speed, speed dispersion, and the highway fatality rate, Southern Economic Journal, 57(2): 349-356.

 

Solomon, D. 1964. Accidents on Main Rural Highways Related to Speed, Driver and Vehicle, Federal Highway Administration, U.S Department of Transportation.

 

Spell, B.A.; Ardeshiri, A.; Jeihani, M. 2014. Speed Pattern Analysis in the Proximity of Dynamic Message Signs Using a Driving Simulator. In Proceedings of Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting, No. 14-5486.

 

Tarry, S.; Graham, A. 1995. The role of evaluation in ATT development, Traffic Engineering and Control, 36(12): 688-693.

 

Transportation Research Board. 1998. Managing Speed: Review of Current Practices for Setting and Enforcing Speed Limits - Special Report 254, Effects of Speed, DC, USA.

 

Ullman, B.R.; Dudek, C.L.; Trout, N.D.; Schoeneman, S.K. 2005. Amber Alert, Disaster Response and Evacuation, Planned Special Events, Adverse Weather and Environmental Conditions, and other Messages for Display on Dynamic Message Signs, Federal Highway Administration, Texas Department of Transportation.

 

Wang, J.H.; Keceli, M.; Maier-Speredelozzi, V. 2009. Effect of dynamic message sign messages on traffic slowdowns. In Proceedings of Transportation Research Board 88th Annual Meeting, 1-16.

 

Wang, J.H.; Hesar, K.; Collyer, C. 2007. Adding graphics to dynamic message sign messages, Transportation Research Record, 2018: 63-71.