EIA BASED COMPARATIVE URBAN TRAFFIC NOISE ANALYSIS BETWEEN OPERATIONAL AND UNDER CONSTRUCTION PHASE PUBLIC TRANSPORT CORRIDOR
4 / 3 / 352-362 Pages
Rajeev Kumar Mishra - Department of Environmental Engineering, Delhi Technological University, Delhi-110 042, India -
Delhi has a population of 16.75 million and is increasing at a rapid rate. This increase in population has enhanced the need for public transport. In Delhi, this need for public transport is served mainly by buses, auto rickshaws, a rapid transit system, taxis and suburban railways. Delhi has one of the highest road densities in India. Buses are the most popular means of transport catering to about 60% of the total demand. In order to meet the transport demand in Delhi, the State and the Union government started the construction of a mass rapid transit system, including the Delhi Metro. By the application of various data and public response, the paper accentuates the qualitative discussion on impacts of mass rapid transit system (MRTS) corridor on land use and social aspects of lives of residents and road users. It also proposes certain mitigating measures for that meticulous condition. The analysis and survey outcome explain about the exceeded level of noise level as compared to CPCB standards. The share of public transport in total noise pollution is smaller than private but still exceeds the standards. Such problem demands the design of noise barrier along the corridor to curb the noise pollution.
Number of downloads: 603
The authors are thankful for the assistance of Centre for Transportation Systems (CTRANS) and Department of Management Studies (DOMS), IIT Roorkee.
Economic Survey of Delhi. 2012-2013. Available from Internet: http://delhi.gov.in/wps/wcm/connect/DoIT_Planning/planning/misc./economic+survey+of+delhi+2012-13.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), US. 2000. FHWA Highway Noise Barrier Design Handbook.
Galilea, P.; Ortúzar, J.de D. 2005. Valuing noise level reductions in a residential location context, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2005.04.004, 10(4): 305-322.
Gupta, A. 1979. Relationship between vehicles noise and stream flow parameters, M.E. dissertation, Civil Engineering Deptt. University of Roorkee, Roorkee, India.
Jain, S.S.; Par ida, M. 2004. Urban Transport Environment Interaction. AICTE Nationally Co-ordinate Project Final Report submitted to AICTE, New Delhi, India.
Jose, A.; Pacheco, M.A.O.; Santiago, J.A.; Eduardo, B. 2012. Vehicle Noise Emission Levels in Bogota City. In Proceedings of the Inter Noise 2012, New York, USA.
Kumar, K.; Jain, V.K.; Rao, D.N. 1998. A predictive model of noise for Delhi, The Journal of the Acoustical Society in America. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.421260, 103(3): 1677-1679.
Mishra, R.K.; Parida, M.; Rangnekar, S. 2010. Evaluation and analysis of traffic noise along bus rapid transit system corridor in Delhi, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology (IJEST). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03326183, 7(4): 737-750.
Mohammadi, Gh. 2009. An Investigation of Community Response to Urban Traffic Noise, Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 6(2): 137-142.
Nelson, P.M.; Godfrey, N. 1974. Predicting road traffic noise in the rural environment. TRRL Laboratory Report 642, Berkshire.
Novačko, L.; Petrović, M.; Barić, D. 2014. Application of macroscopic modelling in assessing noise level in urban areas, International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7708/ijtte.2014.4(1).09, 4(1): 117-127.
Scholes, W.E.; Sargent, J.W. 1971. Desigining against noise from road traffic, Applied Acoustics. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-682X(71)90017-X, 4(3): 203-234.
Shukla, A.K. 2011. An approach for design of noise barriers on flyovers in urban areas in India, International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering, 1(3): 158-167.
Shukla, A.K.; Jain, S.S.; Parida, M.; Srivastava, J.B. 2009. Performance of FHWA model for predicting traffic noise: A case study of metropolitan city, Lucknow (India), Transport. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/1648-4142.2009.24.234-240, 24(3): 234-240.
The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), New Delhi, India. Available from Internet: http://www.cpcb.nic.in/divisionsofheadoffice/pci2/noise_rules_2000.pdf.
United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2001. Our Built and Natural Environments: A Technical Review of the Interactions Between Land Use. Transportation and Environmental Quality (EPA 231-R-1e002). US EPA, Washington D.C., US.
Zannin, P.H.T. 2008. Occupational noise in urban buses, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2006.06.014, 38(2): 232-237.
Zekry, F.G. 2009. Assessment and Analysis of Traffic Noise Pollution in Alexandria City, Egypt, World Applied Sciences Journal, 6(3): 433-441.
Quoted IJTTE Works