Volume List  / Volume 3 (4)

Article

STUDY OF EFFECT OF SPEED, ACCELERATION AND DECELERATION OF SMALL PETROL CAR ON ITS TAIL PIPE EMISSION

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2013.3(4).09


3 / 4 / 465-478 Pages

Author(s)

Prashant Shridhar Bokare - RSR Rungta College of Engineering and Technology, Kohka Road, Kurud, 490 024 Bhilai (C.G.), India -

Akhilesh Kumar Maurya - Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, 781039, India -


Abstract

Pollution from vehicles is due to discharges like Carbon monoxide (CO), Carbon dioxide (CO2), Hydrocarbon (HC) and Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) through their tailpipe. Cars, being in dominant proportions (36.5%) in Indian traffic stream with small cars above 50% in total car proportions, are the main contributors to pollutants. Literature reveals that all factors being constant, at signalized intersection, car emission rates are the function of speed and acceleration. Since it is difficult to collect speed and position data at the actual intersection, this study is conducted on link road between National Highway 31 and IIT Guwahati, India, replicating the queue leader at signalized intersection. Tailpipe emissions are measured using onboard emission measurement system and speed and position data are measured using GPS device. Study illustrates that tailpipe emissions like CO, HC and NOx are sensitive to vehicle speed at similar acceleration level. Tailpipe emission rate initially decreases with increase in speed and then increase afterwards with further increase in speed, at similar acceleration level. Emission rates are found to increase with increase in vehicle acceleration rate. It was observed that deceleration does not influence tailpipe emission of small cars.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 7045


References:

Ahn, K.; Rakha, H.; Trani, A.; Van Aerde, M. 2002. Estimating vehicle fuel consumption and emissions based on instantaneous speed and acceleration levels, Journal of Transportation Engineering. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2002)128:2(182), 128(2): 182-190.

 

Arasan, V.; Koshi, R. 2005. Methodology for modeling highly heterogeneous traffic flow, Journal of Transportation Engineering. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2005)131:7(544), 131(7): 544-551.

 

Belz, N.; Aultman-Hal, L. 2011. Analyzing the Effect of Driver Age on Operating Speed and Acceleration Noise Using On-Board Second by Second Driving Data, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/2265-21, 2265(2011): 184-191.

 

Bham, G.; Benekohal, R . 2001. Development, Evaluation, and Comparison of Acceleration Models. Presented at the 81st Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington D.C. Paper No. 02-3767. 1-42.

 

Carcary, W.B.; Power, K.G.; Murray, F.A. 2001. A New Driver Project. Edinburgh. 33 p.

 

Dey, P.P.; Chandra, S.; Gangopadhyay, S. 2008. Speed studies on two lane Indian Highways, Indian Highways, 36(6): 9-20.

 

Freund, R.J.; Wilson, W.J.; Mohr, D.L. 2011. Statistical Methods: Academic Press London.

 

Frey, H.; Rouphail, M.; Unal, A.; Colyar, J. 2001. Measurement of onroad tailpipe CO, NO and Hydrocarbon emissions using portable instrument. Presented at the Annual Meeting of Air and Waste Management Association. 1-12.

 

Grace, Y.; Hualiang, Q.; Teng, H.; Yu, L. 2004. Modeling Vehicle Emissions in Hot-Stabilized Conditions Using a Simultaneous Equations Model, Journal of Transportation Engineering. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2005)131:10(762), 131(10): 348-359.

 

Joumard, R.; Jost, P.; Hickman, J.; Hassel, D. 1995. Hot passenger car emission modeling as a function of instantaneous speed and acceleration, The Science of the Total Environment. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(95)04645-H, 169(1-3): 167-174.

 

Osses, M.; Henríquez, A.; Triviño, R. 2002. Positive mean acceleration for the determination of traffic emissions. In Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium Transport and Air Pollution, Graz. 65-72.

 

Rakha, H.; Trani, A.; Aerde, M.; Ahn, K. 2000. Requirements for evaluating traffic signal control impacts on energy and emissions based on instantaneous speed and acceleration measurements. Presented at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington D.C. Paper No. 00-1134. 1-27.

 

Unal, A.; Frey, H.; Rouphil, N. 2004. Quantification of highway emission vehicle emission hot spots based on on-board measurements, Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 54(2): 130-140.

 

Wang, J.; Dixon, K.; Li, H.; Ogle, J. 2004. Normal Acceleration Behaviors of Passenger Vehicles Starting from Rest at All-Way Stop-Controlled Intersections, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/1883-18, 1883(2004): 158-166.

 

Wang, M.; Daamen, W.; Hoogendoorn, S.; Arem, B. 2011. Estimating Acceleration, Fuel Consumption, and Emissions from Macroscopic Traffic Flow Data, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/2260-14, 2260(2011): 123-132.


Quoted IJTTE Works



Related Keywords