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Article

EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF AERODYNAMIC CHARATERISTICS OF LIFT AND DRAG IN THE WIND TUNNEL OF AIRCRAT B787 USING THE „FORCE BALANCE“ METHOD

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte2022.12(3).10


12 / 3 / 419-433 Pages

Author(s)

Časlav Mitrović - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia -

Goran Vorotović - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia -

Dunja Crnogorac - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia -

Marko Matović - Aviation Academy, Belgrade, Serbia -

Jela Burazer - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia -


Abstract

The experimental determination of aerodynamic characteristics of lift and drag of B787 aircraft using the „Force Balance“ method was carried out in the subsonic wind tunnel „Miroslav Nenadović“ of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade. This experimental testing most faithfully represents a real case, and the simulated conditions correspond to the geographic location of Nikola Tesla Airport in Belgrade. This method of testing is considered to be the most reliable. Aerodynamic characteristics were obtained by testing the aircraft model. The reconstruction of the wind field for the intended location was, as with most current assessments, carried out using a numerical model which enables the precise determination of wind zones with adequate characteristics. The accuracy of determining the roughness of the terrain and the influence of obstacles were taken into account during the assessment. All the assessments were carried out with the average annual wind speed, as well as on the basis of data on the maximum wind gust in the past hundred years. A numerical three-dimensional meso model was used which was confirmed in our conditions as well. Following that the methodology of testing was determined, the setup in the wind tunnel was made and the experiment was performed. The experiment was carried out for eight directions for the value of the wind strength which was obtained using the numerical model. The measurement was performed using the „Force balance“ method for measuring lift and drag. The load actuators with sensors were used for measuring the forces of lift and drag during the testing. The actuators were connected to the computer via sensors and the data were recorded in real time. The obtain results of aerodynamic characteristics, lift and drag, fall within the range of expected value. On the diagrams shown, it can be observed that the trend of the curves is of a satisfactory character. This methodology of experimental aerodynamics presented in the paper proved to be very reliable for future experimental analyses.


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Acknowledgements:

This research was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia – projects: TR35035, TR36001, TR35046.


References:

Kostic, S.R.; Krzojevic, T.B.; Veljkovic, A.S.; Mitrovic, C.B. 2017. Experimental analysis of single trapezoidal wing, pressure distribution method. Comparative analysis of the numerical method (fluent) with the results obtained by the experiment. In Proceeding of selected papers of the First International Students Scientific Conference Multidisciplinary approach to contemporary research, Belgrade, 25.-26. 11. 2017. Central Institute for Conservation, Belgrade, 239 p.

 

Mitrovic, C.B. 2016. Wind tunnel testing. Laboratory for Aerotechnics "Miroslav Nenadovic", Report No. 3172/1/01.12.2016.

 

Nijemcevic, S.; Mitrovic, C.B.; Milovancevic, M.; Milos, M.; Vorotovic, G. 2017. Wind tunnel testing methodology of the integrated security camera system, Maintenance Forum 2017, 185-197. ISBN 978-86-84231-42-2.


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