Volume List  / Volume 8 (2)

Article

MACROSCOPIC PEDESTRIAN FLOW MODELLING USING SIMULATION TECHNIQUE

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2018.8(2).02


8 / 2 / 166-176 Pages

Author(s)

Pritikana Das - Transportation Planning Division, CSIR-CRRI, New Delhi, India -

Manoranjan Parida - Civil Engineering Department, IIT Roorkee, India -

Vinod Kumar Katiyar - Mathematics Department, IIT Roorkee, India -


Abstract

Simulation is useful to engineers when the model parameters will be calibrated and validated with the real system. Microscopic analysis is used in this study to get macroscopic output for developing pedestrian flow models. Pedestrian characteristics on sidewalk facility in India have been considered to observe performance of pedestrians in VISWALK. The calibration of the model parameters was carried out with the adjustment of model parameters such as Tau, lambda, social forces from other objects etc. Constructed model was validated locally and globally. In this study mean absolute error and root mean square error values were observed to measure accuracy of the model output for validation purpose. Real and simulated data were compared considering fundamental flow diagrams and flow parameters. Developed models and estimated values of flow parameters such as free flow speed and capacity were compared with the real data and estimated error was less than 10%. Scatters in the field data is more as comparing to simulated data in Indian context.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 94


Acknowledgements:

The inputs received from MHRD fellowship at CTRANS, IIT Roorkee and the research project “Indo HCM WP-7” sponsored by CSIR-CRRI is thankfully acknowledged in the preparation of this paper.


References:

Alexandersson, S.; Johansson, E. 2013. Pedestrians in Microscopic Traffic Simulation, Comparison Between Software Viswalk And Legion For Aimsun. Master’s Thesis, Chalmers University Of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden. 89 p.

 

Federici, M.L.; Manenti, L.; Manzoni, S. 2014. A Checklist for the Evaluation of Pedestrian Simulation Software Functionalities, Arxiv Preprint Arxiv: 1404.7717.

 

Galiza, R.; Ferreira, L. 2013. A Methodology for Determining Equivalent Factors in Heterogeneous Pedestrian Flows, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 39: 162-171.

 

Galiza, R.J.; Ferreira, L.; Charles, P. 2011. Estimating the Effects of Older People in Pedestrian Flow: A Micro-Simulation Approach. In Proceedings of the Transport Research Board TRB 90th Annual Meeting, 1-13.

 

Greenshields, B.A. 1935. Study in Highway Capacity. Highway Res. Board Proc. 448-477.

 

Helbing, D.; Molnar, P. 1995. Social Force Model for Pedestrian Dynamics, Physical Review E 51(5): 4282-4286.

 

Hoogendoorn, S.P. 2003. Microscopic Simulation of Pedestrian Flows. In Proceedings of the 82nd Annual Meeting at the Transportation Research Board, [CD-Rom].

 

Huynh, D.N.; Boltze, M.; Vu, A.T. 2013. Modelling Mixed Traffic Flow at Signalized Intersectionusing Social Force Model, Journal of The Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies 10: 1734-1749.

 

Ishaque, M.M.; Noland, R.B. 2009. Pedestrian and Vehicle Flow Calibration in Multimodal Traffic Microsimulation, Journal of Transportation Engineering 135(6): 338-348.

 

Johansson, A. 2008. Data-Driven Modeling of Pedestrian Crowds. Faculty of Traffic Sciences ,,Friedrich List” Technische Universitat Dresden, Dreseden, Germany. 185 p.

 

Park, B.; Schneeberger, J. 2003. Microscopic Simulation Model Calibration And Validation: Case Study of VISSIM Simulation Model for a Coordinated Actuated Signal System, Transportation Research Record: Journal of The Transportation Research Board 1856: 185-192.

 

PTV AG. 2013. PTV Vissim 6 User Manual. Karlsruhe, Germany. 223 p.

 

Sahaleh, S.; Bierlaire, M.; Farooq, B.; Danalet, A.; Hänseler, F. 2012. Scenario Analysis of Pedestrian Flow in Public Spaces. In Proceedings of the 12th Swiss Transport Research Conference, 25 p.

 

Zacharias, J.; Bernhardt, T.; De Montigny, L. 2005. Computer-Simulated Pedestrian Behavior in Shopping Environment, Journal of Urban Planning and Development 131(3): 195-200.

 

Zhang, S.; Luo, Y.; Chen, B.; Bao, X. 2009. Progress of Simulation Studies of Pedestrian Traffic. In Proceedings of the 2nd International ConFerence on Transportation Engineering, 2596-2601.