Volume List  / Volume 8 (2)



DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2018.8(2).01

8 / 2 / 148-165 Pages


Alaa Gabr - Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Egypt -

Ahmed Shoaeb - Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Egypt -

Sherif El-Badawy - Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Egypt -


Traffic congestion is a major problem in most of the large Egyptian cities. This research paper focused on estimating the economic impact of the traffic congestion in Mansoura city. A traffic questionnaire was formulated and handed to various vehicle drivers and passengers. The questionnaire inquired about ideal travel time, actual travel time for each mode of transport, fuel consumption, non-recurring travel delay due to crashes and road restrictions, percentage of injured people due to road congestion accidents, and traffic offenses due to traffic congestion pressure. A field study was also conducted on some of the main arterials in the city (Suez canal street, El-Gesh street, El-Gomhoria street and Al-Mashaya street) to measure the geometric design elements, traffic volume, and speeds. Traffic volume was counted over 16 hours in a working day and the average vehicle operating speed was measured during free-flowing and peak periods. These measurements were used in the calculation of travel time delay cost, excess fuel consumption cost, and excess emissions cost due to congestion. Results showed that traffic congestion on the studied links costs about 184.5 million Egyptian Pounds (EGP) annually. This result shows that the chronic congestion problem in the city not only influence the daily life of the people but also drastically affects the economy of the country.

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