Volume List  / Volume 8 (2)

Article

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF URBAN TRAFFIC CONGESTION ON THE MAIN ROUTES IN MANSOURA CITY, EGYPT

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2018.8(2).01


8 / 2 / 148-165 Pages

Author(s)

Alaa Gabr - Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Egypt -

Ahmed Shoaeb - Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Egypt -

Sherif El-Badawy - Public Works Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Egypt -


Abstract

Traffic congestion is a major problem in most of the large Egyptian cities. This research paper focused on estimating the economic impact of the traffic congestion in Mansoura city. A traffic questionnaire was formulated and handed to various vehicle drivers and passengers. The questionnaire inquired about ideal travel time, actual travel time for each mode of transport, fuel consumption, non-recurring travel delay due to crashes and road restrictions, percentage of injured people due to road congestion accidents, and traffic offenses due to traffic congestion pressure. A field study was also conducted on some of the main arterials in the city (Suez canal street, El-Gesh street, El-Gomhoria street and Al-Mashaya street) to measure the geometric design elements, traffic volume, and speeds. Traffic volume was counted over 16 hours in a working day and the average vehicle operating speed was measured during free-flowing and peak periods. These measurements were used in the calculation of travel time delay cost, excess fuel consumption cost, and excess emissions cost due to congestion. Results showed that traffic congestion on the studied links costs about 184.5 million Egyptian Pounds (EGP) annually. This result shows that the chronic congestion problem in the city not only influence the daily life of the people but also drastically affects the economy of the country.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 182


References:

AAA. 2015. Your Driving Costs. American Automobile Association - AAA Exchange motor club, Heathrow. USA. Available from internet: http:// www.exchange.aaa.com.

 

Ali, H. 2010. Regulating Traffic as a Means of Reducing Atmospheric Pollution: the case of Greater Cairo, Egypt. In Proceeding of the Regional Workshop on Economic Incentives and Environmental Regulation in the MENA Region – Beirut.

 

AustRoads. 2016. Congestion and Reliability Review, Austroads Ltd., Report No. AP-R534-16. Available from internet: https://www.onlinepublications.austroads.com.au.

 

Barnes, G.; Langworthy, P. 2003. The per-mile costs of operating automobiles and trucks. Report No. (MN/RC 2003-19). Minnesota Department of Transportation-Office of Research Services, & State and Local Policy Program-Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, Ireland. 46 p.

 

Bartlett, J.E.; Kotrlik, J.W.; Higgins, C.C. 2001. Organizational research: Determining appropriate sample size in survey research, Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal 19(1): 43-50.

 

BITRE. 2009. Cost of road crashes in Australia 2006. Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics Canberra. Australia. 110 p.

 

CAPMAS. 2015. Inventory of Licensed vehicles. Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, Cairo. Egypt.

 

Chang, G.; Xiang, H. 2003. The Relationship between Congestion Levels and Accidents. Report No. MD-03-SP 208B46. University Of Maryland. College Park. Baltimore. 111 p.

 

Downs, A. 2004. Why Traffic Congestion is here to stay....and Will Get Worse. University of California, Davis. USA. 8 p.

 

EL-Shourbagy, M.; Abo-Hashema, M.A. 2000. Traffic analysis on main corridor in Mansoura city, Dakahlia Governorate, Journal of Al Azhar University Engineering Sector 4:616- 624.

 

FHWA. 2014. Traffic Monitoring Guide, Chapter 3: Traffic Monitoring Methodologies. Available from internet: www.fhwa.dot.gov.

 

Forbes, G.J. 2012. Methods and Practices for Setting Speed Limits. Washington D.C. USA. 107 p.

 

GTTA. 2008. Costs of road congestion in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area: impact and cost benefit analysis of the Metrolinx Draft Regional Transportation Plan. Greater Toronto Transportation Authority, Toronto. Canada. 122 p.

 

Hansen, I. 2001. Determination and Evaluation of Traffic Congestion Costs, European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research 1(1): 61-72.

 

HCM. 2010. Highway Capacity Manual - 5th ed. Transportation Research Board. Washington D.C. USA. 1650 p.

 

Ibrahiem, D.M. 2015. Evaluating Cost of Air Pollution from using Fossil Fuels in Some Industries in Egypt, Advances in Management and Applied Economics 5(1): 27-39.

 

Khan, T.; Islam, R.M. 2013. Estimating Costs of Traffic Congestion in Dhaka City, International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology 2(3), 281-289.

 

Lagune-Reutler, M.; Guthrie, A.; Fan, Y.; Levinson, D.M. 2016. Transit Riders ‘Perception of Waiting Time and Stops Surrounding Environments. In 95th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, 17 p.

 

Litman, T.A. 2013. Transportation cost and benefit analysis: Techniques, Estimates and Implications, 2nd ed. Available from internet: www.vtpi.org/tca/tca0501.pdf.

 

Mallela, J.; Sadasivam, S. 2011. Work Zone Road User Costs- Concepts and Applications. Available from internet: www.fhwa.dot.gov.

 

NCHRP. 2003. Design speed, Operating speed and Posted Speed Practices. Available from internet: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/.

 

NIT. 2016. Estimation of Economic Cost and a Plan for Reduction of Road Crashes in Egypt (In Arabic). National Institute of Transportation, Cairo, Egypt.

 

RACQ. 2015. Private vehicle expenses 2015. RACQ Motoring and Travel services. Queensland. Australia. 22 p.

 

Risbey, T.; Cregan, M.; De Silva, H. 2010. Social Cost of Road Crashes. In Proceeding of the 33rd Australasian Transport Research Forum, 1-16.

 

RWDI. 2006. South Fraser Perimeter Road Regional Air Quality Assessment: Technical Volume 16 of the Environmental Assessment Application. Available from internet: www.gov.bc.ca/tran/.

 

Shoaeb, A.; El-Badawy, S.; Gabr, A. 2016. Direct Costs of Urban Traffic Congestion Case Study: Main Corridors in Mansoura City, International Journal of Computing, Communications & Instrumentation Engineering 3(2): 244-251.

 

TAC. 2014. Report on study of road traffic congestion in Hong Kong. Transport and Housing. Transport Advisory Committee Hong Kong. 124 p.

 

TAG. 2014. Transport Analysis Guidance - TAG Unit A1.3:User and provider impacts, Department for Transport, London. Available from internet: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/transport-analysis-guidance-webtag.

 

The Parliament. 2008. The Traffic law No. 121, 2008, amendment of the traffic law issued by Law No. 66 in 1973 (In Arabic), Egyptian Journal Official Gazette 23: 2-20.

 

Wardman, M. 2004. Public Transport Values of time, Transport policy 11(4): 363-377.

Weisbrod, G.; Reno, A. 2009. Economic Impact of Public Transportation Investment. TCRP Project J-11, Task 7, Transit Cooperative Research Program, American Public Transportation Association. Washington. D.C. USA. 55 p.

 

World Bank. 2010. Cairo Traffic Congestion Study Phase I. Available from internet: http://documents.worldbank.org/.

 

World Bank. 2013. Cairo Traffic Congestion Study. Available from internet: http://documents.worldbank.org/.