A RESPONSE TO POLLUTION OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES FROM SHIPS
6 / 4 / 406-415 Pages
Goran Bakalar - Bonum Mare Consulting LLC, 148 Young Ave, Cocoa Beach, 32931, FL, USA -
Transport of cargo and passengers has a negative influence on human and nature habitats. Pollution in air and water, with its negative impact on environment and quality of human life, was an objective in this research. Use of satellite communication technologies for sea pollution monitoring has been analyzed in this article. Satellite communication technology today, covers monitoring of oil pollutions. Technological limitations and improving potential of that kind of monitoring were listed and described. It has been researched possibility of use of monitoring potential of oil discharge monitor for monitoring of chemical pollutions from the ships. Certain cases from operational experience and registered accidents were explained in this paper. Possible reasons of the accidents were brought out after experience cases were analyzed. Chemical pollution cases were taken as good examples in this review, being compared against oil pollution cases. Minor oil pollutions in coastal area were drastically reduced since oil discharge monitor has been in use. That advantage in oil cases is being taken into consideration in this paper and another solution proposed. Proposed solution in this review is possibility of use of satellite positioning system combined with good software programs and emergency procedures already in use on the ships. In this solution satellite communication technologies would force up ship operators to work in accordance with the pollution prevention law. Automation would stop chemical pollution in coastal areas.
Number of downloads: 383
Allan, I.J.; Vrana, B.; Greenwood, R.; Mills, G.A.; Roig, B.; González, C. 2006. A “toolbox” for biological and chemical monitoring requirements for the European Union’s Water Framework Directive, Talanta 69: 302-322.
Alzieu, C.; Sanjuan, J.; Deltreil, J.P.; Borel, M. 1986. Tin contamination in Arcachon bay: Effects on oyster shell anomalies, Marine Pollution Bulletin 17(11): 494-498.
Amato, E.; Alcaro, L.; Corsi, I.; Della Torre, C.; Farchi, C.; Focardi, S.; Marino, G.; Tursi, A. 2006. An integrated ecotoxicological approach to assess the effects of pollutants released by unexploded chemical ordnance dumped in the Southern Adriatic (Mediterranean Sea), Marine Biology 149: 17–23.
Auman, H.J.; Ludwig, J.P.; Colborn, T. 1998. Plastic ingestion by Laysan Albatross chicks on Sand Island, Midway Atoll, in 1994 and 1995, In: Robertson G and Gales R (eds). Albatross biology and conservation: 239-244.
Bakalar, G. 2013. Automatic control system for ship ballast water treatment by using flow cytometry and satellite communications technologies, PhD thesis, 170 p., Rijeka University, Croatia, Available from internet: https://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:187:989679 (Accessed: 25 May, 2016).
Bakalar, G. 2014. Review of interdisciplinary devices for detecting the quality of ship ballast water, SpringerPlus 1(3): 468. DOI: 10.1186/2193-1801-3-468.
Bakalar, G. 2012. A thesis on a remotely controlled BWTS, The Ballast Water Times II, Journal of Institute NIOZ, project NSBWO (North Sea Ballast Water Opportunity) project financed by EU, EK: 3 p.
Bakalar, G. 2011. Efforts to develop a ballast water detecting device, In Proceedings of Global IMO R&D Forum on Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement, 117-126. Available from internet: http: //globallast.imo.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/RD_Turkey_2011.pdf (Accessed: 7 September, 2016).
Bakalar, G.; Baggini, M. B. 2016. Automated method and system for monitoring the performance and continuation of ballast water treatment system operation on ships, In Proceedings of 58th International Symposium ELMAR. Available from internet: http://www.elmar-zadar.org/2016/technical_program/program_web_2016_v8.pdf (Accessed: 5 September, 2016).
Bakalar, G. 2012a. Possibility of Remote Monitoring BWTS Quality, In Proceeding of IMO ICBWM 2012 Globallast R&D Forum, Singapore.
Bakalar, G. 2015. The System of Remote Control of the Automatic Detection of Ship's Ballast Water via Satellite Communication from Land, Patent app., HR P20150144A.
Bakalar, G.; Tomas, V. 2016. Possibility of Using Flow Cytometry in the Treated Ballast Water Quality Detection, Pomorski zbornik 51(1): 43-55.
Bakalar, G.; Baggini, M. B. 2016a, Automatic communication system ship to shipping terminal, for reporting potential malfunctions of a ballast water treatment system operation, In Proceedings of 39th International Convention MIPRO. DOI: 10.1109/MIPRO.2016.7522236
Available from internet: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7522236/
Bakalar, G. 2016. The system of automatic and autonomous flow and quantity measurement for detection of stoppage of ballast water treatment system operation, Patent app., HR P20160144A.
Bakalar, G.; Tomas, V.; Bukša, A. 2011. Monitoring of chemical pollution from the ships in coastal area, In Procceedings of Abstracts of International Conference on Climate Friendly Transport, Shaping Climate Friendly Transport in Europe, Key Findings & Future Directions: 41.
Bakalar, G. 2016a. Comparisons of interdisciplinary ballast water treatment systems and operational experiences from ships, SpringerPlus 5(1): 240. DOI: 10.101186/s40064-016-1916-z.
Bakalar, G.; Tomas, V. 2011. Possibility of using satellite communication technologies for remote maintenance in marine industry, 5th GNSS Vulnerabilities and Solutions Conference.
Bakalar, G. 2011a. Intensifying efforts for furthering safety culture in shipping - training aspects, In Proceedings of International conference IMLA 19, 63-70.
Bakalar, G. 2016b. A verification of a remote monitoring results of ballast water management system, In Proceedings of ICTTE Belgrade 2016, 322-327.
Bonn Agreement. 2002. Available from internet www.bonnagreement.org/eng/html/.../chemical_spills (Accessed: 3 October, 2016.)
Choi, W.J.; Kim, C.H.; Choi, H.M.; Lee, K.S.; Choi, W.J.; Kim, J.M. 2014. Trend Analysis and Diagnosis for BWTS Remote Monitoring, IEMEK Journal of Embeded Systems and Applications 9(3): 127-135. DOI: 10.14372/MEMEK.014.9.3.127.
Dobrinić, J. 2000. Pollution of Sea by Oil and Elements in Traces, Pomorski zbornik 38 (1): 333-348.
GESAMP. 2001. Protecting the oceans from land-based activities – Land-based sources and activities affecting the quality and uses of the marine, coastal and associated freshwater environment. Rep. Stud. GESAMP No. 71, 162 p.
European Commission. 2006. EU Marine Strategy. The story behind the strategy. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 32 p.
EEA. 1998. Environmental issue report No 4 Environmental Risk Assessment - Approaches, Experiences and Information Sources from the European Environment Agency (EEA). Available from internet: www.eea.europa.eu/publications/GH-07-97-595-EN-C2/ (Accessed: 3 October 2016)
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2011. Efficacy of Ballast Water Treatment Systems: a Report by the EPA Science Advisory Board. Available from internet: www.EPA-SAB-11-009-unsigned.pdf. (Accessed 5 July, 2016).
Kim, C.H.; Kim, J.M.; Kim, B.C. 2014. Remote Communication of sensor data in Ballast Water Treatment System, The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication 14(6): 139-147. DOI: 10.7236/JIIBC.2014.14.6.139.
MARDEP. 2001. Available from internet http://www.mardep.gov.hk/en/msnote/pdf/msin1629.pdf (Accessed: 3 October, 2016.).
MARPOL. 1973. Available from internet http://www.marpoltraining.com/MMSKOREAN/MARPOL/intro/index.htm (Accessed: 3 October, 2016.).
Ship monitoring system. 2016. Available from internet http://www.nauticexpo.com/prod/deckma-hamburg/product-30912-268332.html (Accessed 3 October, 2016.).
Roose, R.; Brinkman, U. 2005. Trends in Analogue Chemistry 24:897.
Satoc EU project report. 2005. Available from internet www.satoc.eu/sos/projects/CSeas/reportbits/report5-3.html (Accessed: 3 October, 2016)
van Der Star, I.; Liebig, V.; Stehouwer, P. P. 2011. The importance of organisms smaller than 10 µm, In Proceedings of Global R&D Forum on Ballast Water Management, 41-50. Available from internet: http://globallast.imo.org/2013/RD_Turkey_2011.pdf (Accessed: 6 February, 2016).
Warner, N.A.; Evenset, A.; Christensen, G.; Gabrielsen, G.W.; Borgå, K.; Leknes, H. 2010. Volatile siloxanes in the European arctic: assessment of sources and spatial distribution, Environmental Science Technology 44(19): 7705-10.
Sousa, A.; Ikemoto, T.; Takahashi, S.; Barroso, C.; Tanabe, S. 2009. Distribution of synthetic organotins and total tin levels in Mytilus galloprovincialis along the 86 Monitoring Chemical Pollution in Europe’s Seas: Programmes, Practices and Priorities for Research Portuguese Coast, Marine Pollution Bulletin 58:1130-1138.
Tanabe, S. 2008. Temporal trends of brominated flame retardants in coastal waters of Japan and South China: Retrospective monitoring study using archived samples from es-Bank, Ehime University, Japan, Marine Pollution Bulletin 57:267-274.
WHO, International Programme on Chemical Safety. 2016. Available from internet http://www.who.int/ipcs/en/ (Accessed: 3 October, 2016.)
Quoted IJTTE Works
There is no quoted studies.