Volume List  / Volume 6 (2)

Article

MAPPING THE TRANSPORT INNOVATION PERFORMANCE OF REGIONS IN EUROPE

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2016.6(2).01


6 / 2 / 121-136 Pages

Author(s)

Rob Konings - Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture, OTB Research Institute for the Built Environment, Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands -

Erik Louw - Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture, OTB Research Institute for the Built Environment, Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands -


Abstract

The innovation policy of the European Union is based on the concept of smart specialization of regions, which means that regions should focus on their comparative strengths. With respect to this policy on transport innovations there is an interest to gain insights in the comparative innovation performances and capacities of regions in the transport sector. Innovation performances and capacities are, however, complex concepts. This paper elaborates an approach to measure and explain the innovation performance of the transport sector at regional level. The approach is based on structural equation modelling and applied to 251 European regions. The results show that high performing regions are predominantly found in Germany and Sweden, while low performing regions are located in Finland, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Spain and United Kingdom. However, the scores of regions on innovation performance are rather different when the performance is measured for the transport manufacturing and transport service sector individually. Among the factors that may explain transport innovation performance of regions funding possibilities appear to be important, while the relevance of innovation milieu is limited.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 1326


Acknowledgements:

The results presented in this paper have received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° 605428’.


References:

Camagni, R.; Capello, R. 2013. Regional Innovation Patterns and the EU Regional Policy Reform: Toward Smart Innovation Policies, Growth and Change, 44(2): 355-389.

 

Capello, R.; Lenzi, C. 2013. Territorial patterns of innovation: a taxonomy of innovative regions in Europe, The Annals of Regional Science, 51(1): 119-154.

 

Capello, R.; Lenzi, C. 2014. Spatial heterogeneity in knowledge, innovation, and economic growth nexus: conceptual reflections and empirical evidence, Journal of Regional Science, 52(2): 186-2214.

 

Cluster Observatory 2014. Clusters at your fingertips. Available from Internet: http://www.clusterobservatory.eu.

 

De Bruijn, P.J.M. 2004. Mapping innovation: regional dimensions of innovation and networking in the Netherlands, Tijdschrift voor Econimische en Sociale Geografie, 95(4): 433-440.

 

De Dominicis, L.; Florax, R.J.G.M.; de Groot, H.L.F. 2013. Regional clusters of innovative activity in Europe: are social capital and geographical proximity key determinants?, Applied Economics, 45(17): 2325-2335.

 

European Union 2013. Employment in the EU transport sector, Luxembourg.

 

European Union 2102. Innovating for a competitive and resource-efficient transport system, Luxembourg.

 

Gössling, T.; Rutten, R. 2007. Innovation in Regions, European Planning Studies, 15(2): 253-270.

 

Hair, J.F.; Anderson, R.E.; Tatham, R.L.; Black, W.C. 1998. Multivariate data analysis, Fifth edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

 

Hollanders, H.; Derbyshire, J.; Lewney, R.; Tijssen, R.; Tarantola, S.; Rivera Leon, L. 2012. Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2012, Methodology report, Brussels.

 

Hollanders, H.; Es-Sadki, N.; Buligescu, B.; Rivera Leon, L.; Griniece, E.; Roman, L. 2014. Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2014, Brussels: European Union, Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry.

 

Konings, R.; Louw, E. 2014. Transport innovation indicators, [METRIC project deliverable 3.1], Delft: Delft University of Technology.

 

Konings, R.; Louw, E. 2014. Transport research and innovation performance of regions, [METRIC project deliverable 3.2], Delft: Delft University of Technology.

 

Louw, E.; Konings, R. 2014. Structure and role of the innovative milieu, [METRIC project deliverable 2.2], Delft: Delft University of Technology.

 

Moreno, R.; Paci, R.; Usai, S. 2005. Geographical and sectoral clusters of innovation in Europe, The Annals of Regional Science, 39(4): 715-739.

 

Pinto, H. 2009. Diversity of Innovation in the European Union: Mapping Latent Dimensions and Regional Profiles, European Planning Studies, 17(2): 303-326.

 

Rodríguez-Pose, A.; Comptour, F. 2012. Do Clusters Generate Greater Innovation and Growth? An Analysis of European Regions, The Professional Geographer, 64(2): 211-231.

 

Wiesenthal, T.; Condeço-Melhorado, A.; Leduc, G. 2015. Innovation in the European Transport Sector: A Review, Transport Policy, 42: 86-93.

 

Wiesenthal, T.; Leduc, G.; Cazzola, P.; Schade, W.; Köhler, J. 2011. Mapping innovation in the European transport sector. An assessment of R&D efforts and priorities, institutional capacities, drivers and barriers to innovation. Publication JRC 63913, European Commission, Joint Research Centre.


Quoted IJTTE Works



Related Keywords