Volume List  / Volume 7 (3)

Article

AIRCRAFT DEPARTURE CONTROL SYSTEMS – HIDDEN SAFETY RISKS

DOI: 10.7708/ijtte.2017.7(3).02


7 / 3 / 298-311 Pages

Author(s)

Ivan Jakovljević - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Vojvode Stepe 305, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia -

Olja Čokorilo - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Vojvode Stepe 305, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia -

Gianluca Dell’Acqua - University of Napoli “Federico II”, Via Claudio 21, I-80125 Naples, Italy -

Petar Mirosavljević - University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Vojvode Stepe 305, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia -


Abstract

The aviation industry subjects to be comparable with other human-technology industries where risks are always present within their system. Modern appliances, including regulation, training and technology act as superior defense system. This being the case, the paper provides an integrated theoretical and practical reflections and knowledge of planning of safety risks within the framework of safety culture that are based on typical sets of hazardous situations that may affect the aircraft operations, with the main focus on Departure Control Systems (DCS) usage. Departure Control System (DCS) provides various functions and automated key processes in pre-flight preparation. These functions can be integrated or separated between various DCS usages. From system errors, data entry to different day-to-day operations, these risks were evaluated and analyzed in over five hundred flights. The research unveiled several risks with both visible and hidden consequences related to DCS usage, distinctively affecting aircraft mass and balance. Accident probability was measured and analyzed scrupulously for each airline separately, as a combination of implicit hidden and visible risk occurrence. The risk and accident occurrence ranking was done by Fussell-Vesely importance measures (FV) and Risk Reduction Worth (RRW). The issues were defined and prioritized, thus representing the first step to risk mitigation.


Download Article

Number of downloads: 62


References:

Ancel, E.; Shih, A. T.; Jones, S. M.; Reveley, M.S.; Luxhøj, J.T.; Evans, J. K. 2015. Predictive safety analytics: inferring aviation accident shaping factors and causation, Journal of Risk Research 18(4): 428-451.

 

Berends, J.J. 1996. On the Measurement of Safety Culture (Unpublished graduation report). Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, 13-17.

 

Bröer, C. 2007. Aircraft noise and risk politics, Health, Risk & Society 9(1): 37-52.

 

Chang, Y.H.; Shao, P.C.; Chen, H.J. 2015. Performance evaluation of airport safety management systems in Taiwan, Safety Science 75: 72-86.

 

Čokorilo, O. 2013. Human Factor Modelling for Fast-Time Simulations in Aviation. Aircraft engineering and aerospace techology 85(5): 389 - 405.

 

Čokorilo, O.; De Luca, M.; Dell’Acqua, G. 2014. Aircraft safety analysis using clustering algorithms, Journal of Risk Research 17(10): 1325-1340.

 

Cooper, M.D. 2000. Towards a model of safety culture, Safety science 36(2): 111-136.

 

Cox, S.; Cox, T. 1991. The structure of employee attitudes to safety: an European example, Work and Stress 5(2): 93-106.

 

Darbra, R.M.; Crawford, J.F.E.; Haley, C.W.; Morrison, R. J. 2007. Safety culture and hazard risk perception of Australian and New Zealand maritime pilots, Marine Policy 31(6): 736-745.

 

Distefano, N.; Salvatore, L. 2014. Risk assessment procedure for civil airport, International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering 4(1): 62–75.

 

Dujim, N.J. 2015. Recommendations on the use and design of risk matrices, Safety Science 76: 21-31.

 

Duphily, R.J.; Harder, H.; Morehead, R.; Haman, J.; Gjerde, H.; Dubois, S.; Stout, T.; Ward, D.; Reinsel, T.; Loman, J. 2014. Root Cause Investigation Best Practices Guide (No. TOR-2014-02202). AEROSPACE CORP EL SEGUNDO CA, 110 p.

 

EHEST Safety Management Toolkit. 2013. Safety Management Manual. Version for Complex Operators, 2nd Edition, European Helicopter Safety Team. p. 83.

 

Ericson, C.A. 2016. Hazard Analysis Techniques for System Safety. Second edition, Wiley, Fredericksburg, Virginia. p. 616.

 

Geller, E.S. 1994. Ten principles for achieving a Total Safety Culture, Professional Safety 39(9): 18-24.

 

Gill, G.K.; Shergill, G.S. 2004. Perceptions of safety management and safety culture in the aviation industry in New Zealand, Journal of Air Transport Management 10(4): 231–237.

 

Guldenmund, F.W. 2000. The nature of safety culture: a review of theory and research, Safety Science 34(1): 215-257.

 

Hudson, P. 2014. Accident causation models, management and the law, Journal of Risk Research 17(6): 749-764.

 

ICAO. 2009. Safety Management Manual (SMM). Doc 9859. Second edition. Montreal, Canada. p. 263.

 

ICAO. 2013. Safety Management Manual (SMM). Doc 9859. Third edition. Montreal, Canada. p. 251.

 

ICAO. 1998. Human factors training manual. Doc 9683. Montreal, Canada. p. 12.

 

International Safety Advisory Group. 1991. Safety Culture (Safety Series No. 75-INSAG-4). International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna. p. 44.

 

Lee, T.R. 1996. Perceptions, attitudes and behaviour: the vital elements of a safety culture, Health and Safety 10(1): 1-15.

 

Neumann, P.G. 2016. Risks of Automation: A Cautionary Total-System Perspective of Our Cyberfuture, Communications of the ACM 59(10): 26-30.

 

Oriola, A.O.; Adekunle, A.K. 2015. Assessment of runway accident hazards in Nigeria aviation sector, International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering 5(2): 82–92.

 

Ostrom, L.; Wilhelmsen, C.; Kaplan, B. 1993. Assessing safety culture, Nuclear Safety 34(2): 163-172.

 

Pidgeon, N.F. 1998. Safety culture: key theoretical issues, Work and Stress 12(3): 202-216.

 

Pidgeon, N.; O’Leary, M. 1995. Organisational Safety Culture: Implications for aviation practice. In: McDonald, N., Johnston, N., Fuller, R. (Eds.), Application of Psychology to the Aviation System, England: Aubury, pp. 47–52.

 

Reason, J. 1998. Achieving a safe culture: theory and practice, Work and Stress 12(3): 293–306.

 

Reason, J.; Hollnagel, E.; Paries, J. 2006. Revisiting the Swiss cheese model of accidents, Journal of Clinical Engineering 27: 110-115.

 

Turner, B. A.; Pidgeon, N.; Blockley, D.; Toft, B. 1989. Safety culture: its importance in future risk management. In Position paper for 2nd World Bank Workshop on Safety Control and Risk Management, Karlstad, Sweden.

 

Wagner, D.C.; Barker, K. 2014. Statistical methods for modeling the risk of runway excursions, Journal of Risk Research 17(7): 885-901.

 

Wiegmann, D.A.; Zhang, H.; Von Thaden, T.L.; Sharma, G.; Gibbons, A.M. 2004. Safety culture: An integrative review, The International Journal of Aviation Psychology 14(2): 117-134.