PORT RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY FOR HUMAN ACCIDENTS IN CONTAINER TERMINALS: EVIDENCE FROM THE PORT OF PIRAEUS – GREECE
6 / 4 / 368-377 Pages
Ernestos S. Tzannatos - Department of Maritime Studies, University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece -
World trade increasingly relies on longer, larger and more complex port systems, where maritime transportation is a vital backbone of such operations. Port systems are more prone to being risk oriented. Many specific methods have been found to assess risk and safety in a port area or operation. A review is presented of different approaches to quantify the risk in port area. On the other hand, there is no specific risk assessment method or framework to cope with threats and hazards as a whole. This conceptual paper presents a Port Risk Assessment (PRA) methodology, seeking to transfer the Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) framework as applied to ships into the domain of ports. The PRA is structured to include all steps from risk identification and assessment to risk control cost/benefit assessment and recommendation, and is capable of modelling all probable port risks on human lives, property and the environment. The applicability of the PRA is demonstrated for human accidents with reference to the container terminal of the Port of Piraeus, in Greece.
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